Engineered Wood Products

Common furniture woods have their own distinctive marks, just like each person has his or her own unique fingerprints. They seem to be good representations of each wood, but wood does vary, and pictures vary, as do the computers that are used to view these pictures, so they should only be used as a general guideline, not a guarantee. The resulting strange and not entirely attractive pattern makes it less popular for furniture than oak so it isn’t used to make fine furniture very often.

There are some significant performance differences between natural wood and manufactured wood. If treated, it should be treated with finish products meant for softer woods because Mahogany is a dense wood. Hard to tell hardness with veneers, because the wood (inside) that you can get to is a base, or secondary wood (usually) of a different species (like Bass or Poplar) than the pretty stuff outside that shows. These veneers are extremely thin sheets of wood that are glued to a panel core of plywood or particleboard.

Wood is exceptionally light in proportion to its tensile strength, making it the preferred construction choice for surfaces that take a constant beating such as basketball courts and bowling lanes. It has many uses including plain furniture, boat construction, well curbs, door panels, cabinet making and musical instruments. The cherry tree serves as an ornamental, fruit-bearing tree that is also a source for a red wood popular in furniture construction.

While it’s not a 100% guarantee, profiling” the wood in question will help reduce the number of possible suspects, and aid in deducing the correct species. Alder is a tight-grained hardwood that is used in fine furniture and noted for its ability to be painted. It is once again becoming popular for outdoor fencing, gates, furniture and features especially in urban areas – both because there is no painting or maintenance requirements and also because of its high resistance to vandalism (cutting, sawing and burning). A confusing wood: the lightest wood in the world and the softest, yet classified as a hardwood!

Cypress is found in swampy marshlands throughout the southeastern part of the United States and because cypress wood does not rot when exposed to extremely wet conditions, it is sought after for building outdoor furnishings, docks, or decks. The materials used in the production of Chinese furniture varied depending not only on the region the furniture was produced, but also on function and whom it was to be made for.

These are the core of your furniture, and dictate how stable and durable your furniture is regardless of how beautiful it may appear from a distance. Of these common native hardwoods, only red oak and poplar are usually stocked in home centers and lumberyards, the others have to be obtained from speciality stores.  It can be used for furniture making, doors, windows, skirting, architraves , mouldings, flooring, doors, boat building, gates and fencing, and is the main timber used in coffin manufacturing. The beauty of the wood is determined by its grain, i.e. the pattern formed as the tree grows and forms rings.

Because this wood is less dense and softer than most hardwoods, it is very popular for carving. The versatile material of wood used to full effect in this furniture design Wood is the most versatile, renewable and sustainable resource on the planet which is why wood is also the most commonly used material in the creation of furniture. Spruce is a relatively strong soft wood native to Scandanavia that finishes well but has a low resistance to rotting and decay. In some cases, the woods were previously identified in the collection descriptions at the National Museum of Sri Lanka.

At the same Brighton wood recycling yard we found a huge, silvery, worn mahogany block, about eight feet by two by two. Both varieties are harder than many other woods; hard maple is so hard (a 5 on a scale of 1 to 5) that it’s difficult to work with. Walnut: Traditionally used in fine furniture (like cabinets), expensive walnut is also often used in veneers.


Nobody’s making any trash cabinets here, we’re trying to identify wood species for novices. An unusual timber in that it has almost no use in furniture making due to its wild nature on being exposed to air. Burr Oak wood has an appearance which is similar to Pippy Oak wood, but it is much denser. Natural oils and waxes are the most eco-friendly of wood finishes, although synthetic alternatives do exist.

Some species of wood have figure that is much more common than in other species: for example, curly figure is fairly common in Soft Maple, and the curls are usually well-pronounced and close together. Â External Doors If you have a hardwood front door on your home, the chances are that it will be constructed from Meranti. Cedar is one of the most aromatic woods (hence, the cedar chest) and is strong enough to endure the elements, so it’s great for decks and patio furniture. I live in Texas and recently received some old wood from my wife’s grandfather.

While garden benches and other outdoor furniture can be made from a range of materials, it’s hard to beat natural wood for warmth and beauty. Often referred to as Douglas Fir, this wood has a straight, pronounced grain, and has a reddish brown tint to it. Fir is most often used for building; however, it’s inexpensive and can be used for some furniture-making as well.

It is one of the most economical hardwoods and is used extensively by Swedish giant Ikea and by Alvar Aalto’s Finish furniture company Artek. The wood is derived from the Cedrus deodara tree that is native to the Northern region of Pakistan. The rare burled (swirls and twists in wood grain that occur naturally) and birds eye (a small repeating pattern in the wood grain) maple woods were used to manufacture American furniture in the early 1900’s and are considered highly collectible antiques today. Another important characteristic of wood is its tensile strength, which is its ability to bend under pressure without breaking.

This modern designed showcased the potential use of tubular steel as a structural as well as an aesthetic material which gave added options to furniture designers in terms of what unusual support sytems were now possible. By identifying 13 of the most popular wood types used in furniture and the nine most common wood finishes, we help simplify the process of looking for that perfect furniture piece.

Cherry is a very popular and all-around great wood; easy to work with, stains and finishes well with just oil, and ages beautifully. Rainforest deforestation in particular and deforestation in general is a no-no these days, and sustainable woods are used more often as a result. The construction characteristics of plywood use are similar to solid wood in as much as it is a hygroscopic substrate. Kurumi is Japanese Walnut, a member of the juglans family, and is an excellent wood for furniture work and carving. They grow quickly and the wood is lighter, has coarser grain and is not as strong as most hardwoods.

Hard to work with for intricate details; it is commonly used in furniture with simple lines, including some contemporary styles. Pine generally takes stain very well (as long as you seal the wood first), although Ponderosa pine tends to ooze sap, so be careful when using this stuff. Oak is a hard and decorative wood with a particularly attractive figure in quarter-sawn material.

Hardwood trees are very slow growing trees compared to softwood trees, this tends to make them produce dense wood. Eastern White, Ponderosa and Sugar Pine trees are often used to make wood furniture in the United States. Each type and species of wood has an individual cellular structure that creates unique physical properties that determine suitability for different uses. Such laminates generally mimic the wood used for table legs, chairs, and other exposed surfaces. Interior Woodwork in Houses (PDF) – In the discussion of choosing the proper wood for interior woodwork material, this report compares hemlock with other wood choices.

There are many other, more exotic wood types The Humboldt Woodworkers Guild provides more information for the curious woodworker. It is naturally dark in colour, as usually, this oak wood has been obtained after several hundred years’ preservation in a peat bog. But here’s a little known fact; you can converge these two wooden categories and open your doors to Hollywood approved and sanctioned wood. Qualities: Hard maple is a heavy, hard, strong, durable, stiff, close-grained wood with a uniform surface texture. This type of glass is suitable for use in furniture manufacture and can even be bent and curved.

Due to its fairly bland grain, beech is often used for furniture which is designed to be painted rather than using more expensive oak or ash. Cypress is resistant to rotting when it gets wet and is useful in the construction of shingles, decks, outdoor furnishings and more. Light, creamy-brown colour, open-grained open grain: A wood with visible large pores – eg oak.