If you are a newcomer to the great craft of woodturning, then these pages are designed to help you. Many different devices, such as chucks, collets, faceplates, drive plates, mandrels, and lathe centers, are used to hold and drive the work while it is being machined on a lathe. The larger the piece of wood the lathe can turn, the more versatile the machine will be. A big lathe can turn small projects, but a small lathe cannot turn large projects. There are many items that can be created with certain machines, and the user may intend to make table legs, bats or pens. Typically, there are two types of wood turners, those that only use the lathe when it is absolutely necessary and the fanatics.
Chuck Arbor 2 MT to JT-6 #1-507-235 $3.53 Page 346 (The tang is too long and can be shortened, with your lathe of course!) The arbor has been shortened as can be seen in the above picture. The soft headstock centre can be trued-up by being turned in position with the top slide; when this has been done make a small corresponding mark on both the center and spindle nose so they can always be put back together in the same position. A thread such as 3/8”-16 is telling you that the major diameter is 3/8” and the thread pitch is 16 TPI (Threads Per Inch).
The engine lathe is more automated than the other options being the more contemporary of metal lathe variations. Chuck manufacturers make chucks to fit almost any lathe’s spindle size and thread count, so buy the chuck that fits the spindle of your lathe. The shoulder of the tenon (the outside bottom of the bowl) should rest on the top part of the jaws.
Set up the micrometer carriage stop to align the shoulder dimension; then, in one pass of the tool bit, feed the tool bit left to turn the smaller diameter until contact is made with the carriage stop. You may not want to add accessories to your lathe right away, but you also don’t want to limit yourself by purchasing a lathe with uncommonly sized spindle threads and tapers. Start the lathe at a slow speed, just to make sure the bowl blank is centered properly in your chuck. A greater distance between centers allows for longer pieces of wood to be turned in the lathe.
It points out the most important lathe parts and explains the basic process of how to operate a wood lathe. If your lathe has a screwed spindle nose ensure that both it, and all items mounted on it, have their threads, register spigots and flanges thoroughly cleaned. The T-slotted slide is largely a peculiarity of the English” lathe and can be employed not only as a boring table but also to mount such useful things as a milling slide and a rear toolpost.
It took a long time (about 10 weeks) to get the circuit board from overseas but upon installing it I have a working lathe again. However, whilst a changewheel lathe can be made to generate almost any pitch within (very) wide limits, on balance the ability to switch quickly from rapid to fine-finishing rates of feed means that a gearbox-equipped machine will always be favourite. The quality of workmanship depends as much on the condition of the lathe centers as on the proper drilling of the center holes. The products the user intends to make will also affect which wood lathe is best for their circumstances.
Lathe dogs are cast metal devices used to provide a firm connection between the headstock spindle and the workpiece mounted between centers. The tail stock is the free spinning end of the lathe, and has the tailstock spindle and the cup center, as well as a hand-wheel or other feature for clamping or securing the work piece between the lathe centers. The lathe cutting tool or tool bit must be made of the correct material and ground to the correct angles to machine a workpiece efficiently.
The bent-tail lathe dog with headless setscrew is considered safer than the dog with the square head screw because the headless setscrew reduces the danger of the dog catching in the operator’s clothing and causing an accident. When using a roughing gouge or similar tool, you can cant, or pitch the tool edge so chips are thrown at an angle from the work piece, so you do not become covered with them while you turn. These factors differ for each lathe operation, and failure to use these factors properly will result in machine failure or work damage.