Hello, today our woodcare expert is going to show you how to correctly prepare wood prior to protecting it against daily wear and tear in the home. Wood finishing starts with sanding either by hand, typically using a sanding block or power sander , scraping , or planing Imperfections or nail holes on the surface may be filled using wood putty or pores may be filled using wood filler Often, the wood’s color is changed by staining , bleaching , or any of a number of other techniques. Concentrate the French polishing in a limited working area – ¼ of the top, ¼ of the back, or ½ of a side – and polish that area thoroughly before moving to finish more area.
With paste wax it took 5 hours to wax the first time then you spent 1 more hour per year doing the table top and chair arms the next 3 years, that’s 8 hours spent giving your set a protective coating that has extended the life of the finish. With any wood the first task is to make sure it is clean dry and free from any previous finishes. In the last few decades, synthetic polymer emulsions have been introduced which offer significant improvements over wax systems.
Wood furniture with a matte finish cleans beautifully with this; it will fill in tiny scratches, it covers some water stains and helped darken finish that had dried out and lightened. When sanding, either by hand or machine, it is important to follow the direction of the wood grain. It is necessary to be able to see the polished surface very clearly during the polishing process.
In the case of heavy kitchen use we would advise reapplying a coat of polish three or four times a year whereas a dining room table with more occasional use, would benefit from a couple of applications a year. When polishing your furniture use old cloths, terry towelling, cotton knitwear or flannel cloths. Mount a 1000 grit polishing pad on your sander or polisher and set the speed to low and turn your machine on before touching down on the surface. Psst – Here’s a post with an update on how the floors are holding up seven months later.
This wood polish is ideal for cleaning away scratches and scuffs and will have wooden furnishing looking great again after just one quick coat. For this reason, as pointed out by Flexner, many people prefer to omit the staining step when finishing wood. After over 25 years working in the trade, using the same methods utilised by craftsmen hundreds of years ago, French Polishing still continues to impress.
The polish based polishing system has been developed in Scandinavia over many years, as one of the best systems available, however, you must accept that you have a risk of marking your table top with any polish based finish, although the re-polishing action will allow successful renovation. French Polish is applied with a Rubber, A pad of upholsterers wadding or cotton wool wrapped in a 225 to 300 mm (9 to 12 inch) square of white cotton. Each polishing session will follow this same sequence, although the padding material is changed from straight shellac to straight alcohol slowly through successive polishing sessions.
Too little shellac or alcohol added to the pad will have no negative affect on the finish surface while polishing, but too much shellac or alcohol can be disastrous. This use of a polishing pad to apply the shellac finish is the central technique of the French polishing process. So, when padding shellac the idea is to build the finish layer up to the final thickness through many polishing sessions. As the pad dries out with a few minutes of polishing increase the pressure of the pad to the surface.
Comment on the use of these padding materials -Successful French polishing is partially determined by using correct, effective amounts of the shellac solution, the alcohol, the lubricating oil, or the OPTIONAL pumice powder as they are needed with the polishing pad. When you refinish a hardwood floor, you are completely removing the floor’s existing finish and replacing it. I would guess that if you wait longer, you should be able to repeat the wax and steel wool process with success. TRI-M-ITE No-load Sandpapers FMTMT – 120/220/320/400 grits to final sand wood surfaces before finishing.
The next step is adding 3 parts olive oil (in this case it will be 3/4 cups olive oil) to make 1 cup total of the beeswax wood sealant. In the first 4 to 6 polishing sessions the straight 2# cut shellac is repeatedly added to the pad and polished onto the surface to build an adequate finish layer. To apply the polishing compounds, I use Surbuf pads These soft foam pads fit right onto standard hook & loop sanders. This polishing session should produce the final, smooth, flat and flaw-free finish.
Wax can bring an extra sheen, but read the above section about wax before you start down that road. From the leading furniture cleaning products retailer Old English comes this amazing scratch cover polish that’s been expertly designed for use with dark wood furnishing like mahogany, cherry and many more. With a little practice, though, you learn to start the padding motion in the air just above the surface and smoothly drop the moving pad onto the surface continuing the circular polishing motion.
You could use any kind of unfinished wood (visit a well stocked craft store for cheap, unfinished balls and cubes). It might have something to do with the wood type, the varnish type, and the relative humidity, but I think a wood-care site or store might be your best resource. Liquid wax is easier to apply but leaves a thinner coating; it may need to be applied more frequently than paste wax.