How To Build A Rustic And Bold Farm Table

The other day I was browsing projects on Ana White’s website and came across a dining table I had to have. Virtually all waxes will dissolve in mineral spirits or naphtha, which is handy to know should you ever need to remove wax, either from wood or on top of a finish. The glue is then allowed to dry (or sprayed with an activator ) and then sanded with very fine grit sandpaper. Then flip it all over, so you’re looking at the exact bottom of your soon-to-be top. But while the country look is unique and on-trend, this type of wood is soft compared to the others and best avoided when it comes to butcher block. We are making a table top using sapele and we are finding it to be quite porous.

I’m working on an updated post that will have the measurements used for the table in the video. If the top of your bench will finish flush with the frame, a good, low-cost option is to use plywood for your workbench top. Cypress is capable of withstanding the elements without a finish of any kind, though a periodic coat of oil will keep the wood looking fresh longer. Attach a couple 2×4 supports across the frame for good measure, then begin the frustrating process of centering the frame on the top. From furniture to floors, trust Minwax® products that beautify and protect wood. Coat the corners with wood glue and fasten together with 15-gauge finish nails.

Best Bets: Exterior wood surfaces (boats, decks, outdoor furniture), as well as high wear areas (flooring, tabletops, and cabinets). There was a point early in my career where I didn’t enjoy sketching; I just thought it was better to grab some wood and start cutting. Western red cedar, as its name implies, has a reddish color to it. This type of wood is relatively soft (1 on a scale of 1 to 4), has a straight grain, and has a slightly aromatic smell. This is why the old finish must be completely removed before you can tell for sure what wood a piece of furniture is made of. For the table legs I even tried just banging it against the concrete outside my home.

The surface of a plywood top table may not be very strong, so you can enhance it by using several layers of ¾-inch plywood on the table top. This was a great way to start off and build a table for my daughter-in-law as my first furniture job! Veneers sometimes evoke negative connotations of being inferior to solid wood; in reality they are commonly used on high-quality furniture as well as budget pieces.

We recommend a hand planed tabletop for those who: 1) like clear evidence that someone built the table by hand, 2) like the resulting texture, or 3) want to obscure dings and scratches in the irregular surface. Run planks though the planer, stripping a small amount of wood from each side as you plane. Simply try scratching the surface finish with your thumbnail where it won’t be noticed (a corner or edge will do). Yellow birch is a pale yellow-to-white wood with reddish-brown heartwood, whereas white birch has a whiter color that resembles maple. Clear fur is the best for wanting to get that hardwood look by staining it. And is much cheaper then the assorted hardwoods.

I don’t know much about wood and finishes but I would like to know if there is product that would be safe to apply and give a protective coat that allows me to keep the table uncovered. The beauty is in the details in this nightstand vignette where glamorous metallics mix with carved wood and a single stem orchid. Like varnishes, they are film-building and sit on top (not in) the wood, and are available in a number of different sheens. If you go this route save some money and use hard wood veneered construction plywood.

While cypress is a good choice for outdoor furniture, it may be a little difficult to find due to the scarcity of mature trees. All of these photos are small, and can’t truly represent the way the wood will look in a large expanse. Once you finish applying the glue to all the joints, go back to the ones you’ve finished and check to see if the glue has absorbed into the wood. Exposure to sunlight and humidity: Doors, windows, bathroom cabinets, kitchen countertops and outdoor furniture can all be exposed to sunlight, temperature changes and humidity.


Once the material has penetrated the wood grain, and the carried resins penetrate and polymerize in the wood (a process that is usually complete within a day, in normal atmosphetic humidity), the dried product is essentially inert for the life of the wood to which it is applied. Fiberesin – Fiberesin combines fibrous materials like wood pulp and recycled paper with a glue-like resin.

It’s also relatively easy to find sustainably grown softwoods (woods grown on tree farms to ensure an endless supply of wood); this means you’re not contributing to the deforestation of the world and will always have a supply of wood for your projects. I’m refinishing/reupholstering dining room chairs for my brother—this is my first true attempt at either. They stick into the table approximately 24″ and if you notch it out well…..it’s a real nice/tight fit…..very sturdy. John’s original plan for building the counter was to recreate his process for the console top , just on a larger scale.

Well, with special thanks to Hillary at The Friendly Home, we’ve made this table easier than every to build. DURABILITY & USAGE: Use EF Extender in hot, dry weather to enhance the leveling properties of GF top coats, or whenever extended drying time is desired. Next, I mixed two parts ‘Cherry’ to one part ‘English Chestnut’ to arrive at the perfect color stain for the table. Although it might not be the dining table base you ultimately want, I am sure this design will make someone out there very happy. The frame structure of the rustic table showing the reclaimed wood gutters attached to the porch posts.

So we had to do our best to counteract/deal with the whole slightly warped thing (once we screwed them down/together in a few places they seemed to level out, but it took some finessing to make sure the tops stayed level as we went). Every species has its own particular grain and color, and although they vary from tree to tree, these characteristics can almost always be used to identify the wood. Or just learn to live with it. It is a real job, but wood refinishing is a rewarding if messy hobby.

To get the rigidity and weight of a hard wood without having to be overly concerned with damaging an expensive worktop, you might consider attaching an MDF or plywood layer to the top of a hard wood base. This eliminated the 2×2’s on the extensions for better storage and the visible table end 2×2 slots! We are happy to provide color samples on the actual wood for you to inspect in your location.

Although different table top attachment methods exist, depending on the type of table being considered (such as trestle tables, frame-top tables, breadboard-end tables, etc.), the scope of this article doesn’t allow a review of each one. Decking stains are usually a coloured varnish like coating that sit on top of the wood to provide colour and protection. Cypress wood contains a natural preservative that is both rot and insect resistant. In other words, once a coat of clear wax dries on the wood, it will look like freshly cut, but unfinished, wood. They may also suggest an alternative to wood as being less expensive – perhaps MDF.

Started project on a Wednesday and moved table and bench in on the following Wednesday afternoon. This table top is nearly four feet wide, and seven feet long; it will seat eight comfortably. If you still cannot get a driver in, simply glue and clamp the block without the screws. For these conditions, you need to protect your project with a finish that has ultraviolet absorbers and special oils that expand and contract with temperature changes. These woods are suitable for all parts of the table – they are available as both solids and veneers. No matter how you finish it, you’ll never turn an old barn door into fine furniture.

Unfortunately, there’s no real scientific method I used….I simply took whatever I could find in my garage and started to bang it against the wood. So far, I’ve used a couple plans for inspiration and techniques but have yet to follow one to a t.” This is the original plan that led to motivating me to build the table. Most likely, your factory finish table has lacquer on it. Rather than polyurethane, you could apply some brushing lacquer on it, assuming you have good technique. Ask a helper to hold the leg tight to the inside corner of the gutter structure with the mark at the top of the gutter.

It adds more depth and character than varnishes and lacquers, is easy to work with, and provides a water resistant finish. As Rl Swamp Yankee said, wood is wood (at least in that the vast majority of it will support your top if the base is built correctly). Further, you can choose to go with a French colonial style of country table or an English country farmhouse style. The last bit of work required on the table was was two rails, so that the top could be attached to the base. They form a transparent film over wood surfaces and protect them against dents and scratches, while also providing a moisture-resistant barrier.