One thing people did commonly in the colonial era was bring a sizable amount of wood indoors and keep it in a woodbox in the same room as the fire. Remember: Just one cord of seasoned Red Oak, Hickory, or Ash will provide more BTUs than 225 gallons of propane, 2.75 ccf of natural gas, or 133 gallons of #2 fuel oil. Kiln Dried Firewood is dried in a heated chamber removing water at very high temparatures. The longer you season your logs, the better they will be. You will know if your logs are ready for the fire if they have developed cracks at the end. If you do burn softwoods as firewood the following are the best choices: Doug Fir, Yellow Pine and Spruce.
The most popular cuts of wood are oak, maple and cherry, with birch, pine, elm and chestnut following close behind. They work fine as tinder, but they simply don’t put out enough heat for enough time to do more than scorch a solid block of oak. Firewood that is ready to burn or sell should have no more than 20% total moisture content. You can split it when its green, use the flaky bark for kindling, and enjoy a very hot fire with little ash. Is that the firewood supplier is likely to tell you it’s well-seasoned when it really isn’t.
Oak is very dense and takes at least twice as long as most hardwoods to dry completely. I once visited a supplier who was trying to sell firewood that was saturated with water. That being said, to properly season your firewood, remove the bark, when possible, as this will speed up the drying/seasoning process and reduces the woods ability to re-absorb moisture.
Properly seasoned firewood has moisture content of less than 20 per cent and is a pleasure to use. Split Macrocarpa: Is pretty hardy, it can be left out in the weather to season then put away. Consider cutting dead standing trees if you’re looking for firewood that can be burned immediately or look for a firewood supplier that has dry, seasoned firewood for sale. Good quality firewood is consistent in length, not varying by more than an inch or so. I have been with All Season Firewood for 7 years now and happy with their product and service.
Last year in the early fall, my son-in-law Tommy pulled in my farm lane with a big pick- up load of firewood from land he’d cleared of hardwood trees a year or more earlier. If buying from a log merchant (such as Certainly Wood ) you should expect to pay in the region of £100 for good truck load, although kiln-dried firewood can be far more expensive.
Thanks for the I’d get the info on here.I’ve got some maple down already,and will be splitting and stacking it in the spring.I will be stacking in spaced rows,in an area with good sun,so hopefully it’ll dry have some downed stuff on the land,so I’ll try to get that stuff split and stacked for the coming year. If this saw is taken care of it should cut all your firewood and then some for many years.
The principals of seasoning firewood are very simple – get your wood split to size and stacked off the ground and exposed to the wind and sun for as long as possible. If you can split it soon after chopping, that will allow it to season faster…more surface area exposed to the elements. Oak: Dry oak is excellent for heat, burning slowly and steadily with a good heat. In most cases, it is a good idea to spend some time on drying out your firewood at least 6 months ahead of time.
Split birch and split spruce, for example, dried in one and a half months when stored in a simulated wood shed or left uncovered. Cutting, stacking and burning firewood requires considerable investment and takes time, however, it’s good, healthy outside work. I’ve found ash firewood burns the best if you let it season for at least a month or two providing it’s not already dead from the emerald ash borer. Once the wood is dry, it will need to be covered to keep wet weather off of it. If you dried it outside, you can bring it indoors into a shed or other covered structure, or you can cover it outside.
Once the sap starts rising with the onset of spring the tree’s moisture content increases and it will take longer to season the fire wood. You can use a felling axe for splitting logs but it is much harder work than a maul. Thanks for all the posts, you got me to looking and I see there are a number of firewood kilns out there. At End Times Report there is a great method to speed up the seasoning process of firewood by essentially building a greenhouse-type enclosure to store the wood. All of these are excellent, but the best firewood you can get is the one you have in sufficient quantities. These guys -/content/firewoodkiln/ claim their kilns dry firewood in 18-36 hrs.
When cutting firewood in the summer while the leaves are healthy and still on the trees, fell the tree, leave all the limbs attached. Proper firewood storage protects the wood as well as your house from termites, ants and other pests. This would be great if true, since competition for free firewood around here has gotten tougher with more people installing wood stoves to save money. When I cut my own firewood I usually don’t split anything that’s under 10 inches in diameter.
Moisture content can vary and is dependent on a wide range of factors – for example, a tree felled in winter is likely to be drier than the same one felled during the summer as they take on less water out of the growing season. Firewood is also sometimes sold by the amount that fits in a truck bed, which can make it difficult to gauge compared to traditional measurements.
Firewood dries out very slowly because the moisture is trapped deep in the wood, so planning ahead is essential. On average, firewood takes about 6-12 months to season depending on the tree species. Take a look at our Seasoning is the Key to Good Firewood article to learn more about the importance of seasoning firewood. However the wet basis is easier to understand intuitively and has become the standard for the UK wood fuel industry. There are other quality hardwoods but they are impractical to obtain in volume for firewood.
To save your firewood and resources for your wood stove, use a manufactured firelog in your fireplace. Even better, after year 4 it will provide a lovely firewood – even finger-sized branches are worth burning. A quick search online or in your local newspaper will usually give you several locations to purchase it. However, since the wood is in so much demand the price is usually higher and it may take longer for the firewood to be delivered……supply vs demand. Firewood should be stored away from the house to prevent termites or other pests from migrating into the structure.
Check out the latest wood burning tips and tools that can help you get more heat from your firewood. Stay away from large quantities green wood, and accept as little white oak as possible – though it is difficult to avoid it entirely. Some people stack the wood in tall rows where it has been cut and fix a small roof over the top and leave it to season like that.
The solutions to those problems in just a minute, but first a bit about how airtight wood stoves extract heat from wood and the problems associated with burning green unseasoned firewood. Preventing mould growth – by seasoning the firewood & drying it out you will get less mould growing on the firewood. If you don’t have the storage space close to where you are going to burn it, then you will need to stack the green wood somewhere to season it before processing and moving it to its final resting place.
If the rounds are too large for a maul to be effective steel wedges driven with a sledge hammer will split the large rounds down to a size where the faster splitting maul can be used. To season wood means to give the wood time for the water to evaporate out of it. Ideally it should be seasoned to about 20% moisture content or less. The firewood drying process takes anywhere from 9 to 12 months depending upon the species of wood, the amount of airflow, and the humidity and temperature of the storage area.
Every log will tell a little tale of the care and attention taken through the seasoning process, from green wood to super efficient seasoned firewood enjoyed throughout the winter. Firewood is cut to length, split, and then seasoned (dried) in a stack, with air being able to get to it, for at least 9 months before burning (the DEP states it should be dried for 6 months minimum). Seasoning firewood reduces the moisture content dramatically (down to 15% to 20% by weight) and turns any cut timber into first class fuel for your wood stove.
Normal firewood is 16 inches in length, partly because that length is one-third the 48 inch width of a full cord of wood, and second, because pieces longer than 16 inches are awkward to handle. At home we have some baskets and a steel log hoop, which hold together enough firewood for 5 days or so. Plenty to see you through a spell of bad weather without needing to collect more. Firewood is a renewable energy resource like wind, solar and hydroelectric power.
Operate woodstoves with their draft control wide open for 20-30 minutes each time firewood is added, or until the fresh load is totally engulfed in flames. But once it is cut into firewood sized pieces, there is much more surface area for moisture to evaporate from. There are many ways to stack firewood so that it seasons – infact it is very hard to actually do it ‘wrong’ and end up with unburnable wood.