Hardwoods & Softwoods

Oak is a versatile kind of wood that you use to create some spectacular woodworking projects. Cypress Dome Habitats – While cypress is a valuable wood in the construction of a variety of outdoor designs, cypress trees are also a valuable part of the ecological system of swamplands such as the Everglades. In descending order of quality here are the grades for hardwoods: FAS, FAS 1-Face (F1F), Selects, No. 1 Common, No. 2A Common, No. 2B Common, Sound Wormy, No. 3A Common, and No. 3B Common. You will pay more for defect-free wood, but it is worth examining lumber thoroughly before purchasing. Wood trim that requires more attention can be cleaned with polish or wood cleaner.

Lacquer is one of the best all-around finishes for wood because it dries fast, imparts an incredible depth and richness to the wood, exhibits moderate to excellent durability and polishes very smoothly. Home centers like Home Depot and Lowes normally only stock a few types – red oak and poplar – so let it be known that your options can be expanded here at Rino’s Woodworking Shop.

To get you started, visit our Hardwood 101 section on our website that contains detailed sections about Poplar, White Maple, Spanish Cedar, Red Oak, Cherry, White Oak, and Mahogany or browse further through our woodworking blog to learn more about oak , hardwood molding , mahogany lumber and more. Kickbacks also can occur if safeguards are not used or if poor-quality lumber is cut.

An Oral History of the American Chestnut in Appalachia (PDF) – In Appalachia the American chestnut was long sought not only for the nuts it bears, but also as a source of wood for use in building and heating. The wood, in its more natural state, reveals the unique tooth and saw marks from the mill, creating a more rustic look and feel in the wood. Using veneer means you can get an attractive wooden finish at much lower cost than by using a solid piece of expensive wood. Check out the next section for tips on how to easily identify common furniture woods.

Although, they are generally less dense and not as durable as Hardwoods, which grow at a much slower rate than softwoods creating a denser and stronger grain in the wood. Also – if i’m building something small (a little box or something) you can cure the wood in a microwave 1 or 2 small pieces at a time. Maple is harder as compared to other types of woods and its fine texture and even grain also makes it more stable. The principal hazards of woodworking can be classified as either safety or health hazards.

Other factors such as how well seasoned (dry) a piece of wood is (as discussed below) and how dense it is also affect its strength. Wood was one of the first natural materials people learned to use, and it’s never lost its popularity. Light, creamy-brown colour, open-grained open grain: A wood with visible large pores – eg oak. Types and Characteristics of Oak – This page is a good resource for types of oak and characteristics to consider when choosing oak for woodworking projects or construction. Common finishes include waxes, oils, bleaches, fillers, stains, shellac, varnish, lacquer, sealers, and paints, including enamels.

Depending on how tightly the notches are cut, you may not need more than a small amount of wood glue to hold them together. You’ll need to make sure that both of these notches match so that the two blocks of wood would be able to fit together perfectly. Each tenon can be inserted into a cavity (mortise) on another piece of wood to form a mortise and tenon joint. There are pictures to show each tool but not to show the different types available of the same tool because it is only a guide.


There are several factors to consider when purchasing woodworking lumber, including type of project and wood, as well as the condition, price, and quantity of lumber required. In order to clearly understand the differences between these two categories, we have to look at the structure of the wood itself. Find out whether the quoted sizes are nominal or actual, so that you get the correct quantity of lumber. My goal with this site is to inform customers about wood and woodworking so as to make it easier to buy an item that will suit you for years to come.

Laminated wood is a weaker kind of plywood in which the grain of each layer runs in the same direction. There are many different kinds, but the kind that uses disposable blades is the most common. The following table summarizes some common types of wood, which category they fall under, and their features. It’s so common that if you have a bottle of glue in your house, it’s likely to be PVA glue.

To create a butt joint, simply place the end of a piece of wood against another piece and fasten either using a metal clip, a nail or a screw. Mallets are very similar to hammers because they look almost identical only with a bigger head and they are also used to deliver an impact only the difference is they do not damage the object being struck like a hammer does so they are really good for knocking wood into place. Even with this control, significant amounts of wood dust are emitted into the workroom.

MOISTURE CONTENT (M.C.) The weight of water contained in wood expressed as a percentage of the weight of the oven dry wood. Some of these sealers, known as stains, may even have pigments added, which alter the color of the wood and enhance its beauty. To address this problem, researchers designed and tested a control system for table saws that significantly reduced wood dust emissions. Use a spreader in ripping operations to prevent the cut in the wood from immediately closing and binding the blade. Be sure to use a mallet or wood hammer when you work, so that you don’t destroy the head on your chisel.

The second type of evidence for Viking Age woodworking comes from examination of surviving wooden items, especially close attention to tool marks, ornamentation, construction details. Employees may be exposed to splinters and chips that are flung by the cutting action of woodworking equipment. There aren’t any Home Depots near me. There is an 84 Lumber, but I believe they only sell construction grade lumber (correct me if I’m wrong please). The most common gloves designed for this purpose are composed of natural rubber or latex,5 butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, plastic, or rubber-like synthetics such as neoprene.

Cherry has a hardness of 2 on a scale of 1 to 5. This is a very common wood for furniture-making and is available from sustainably grown forests. Squiggle a line of glue from end to end, flip the wood on its edge and press and wiggle against the first piece of wood already in place. The traditional wood finishing system consists of applying a wood stain and clear protective finish in individual steps.

The hickory tree provides nuts as well as valuable hardwood for use in wood products of all types. For further information please consult theNIOSH Hazard Controls HC6: Wood Dust from Automated Routers (See Appendix B). Reclaimed Hemlock has made its way into local salvage yards in recent years, and is being utilized in all aspects of woodworking and furniture building. Many pieces of woodworking equipment-such as routers, shapers, and molders-employ rotating cutter heads with multiple knives.

Rough-sawn lumber is therefore close to the size stated when you buy it, although it may be slightly smaller due to shrinkage during the drying process. Eastern White Pine – This page describes the qualities that make pine such a popular choice of wood in construction. Contact with the irritant compounds in wood sap can cause dermatitis and other allergic reactions. Shagbark Hickory Fact Sheet – This fact sheet produced by the University of Maine, includes information on growth habits, seed description, distinguishing features, interesting features, relationship to wildlife, common problems, and landscape use.

Most chisels are beveled on the 2 sides and on the cutting edge, but specialty chisels may only be beveled at the cutting edge. The I.D. Wood application works on either an iPhone or an iPod Touch to allow you to search through over 50 wood species (more forthcoming). Choose a wood like teak, that does not take a finish well, but its natural oils will protect it outside. Dull woodworking tools are not only ineffective, but they can also be dangerous, since they are more likely to slip off of a piece of wood when they are being used. White glue, yellow glue, and bottles of wood glue” are all likely to be PVA glue.