How They Are Set Out, How Made And Where Used

Forgive me if this has been posted before, but I’ve searched and can’t find a reference in any of the forums. Mortice and tenon joints have several advantages, including a lot of glue surface area, shoulders to resist side forces acting on the finished project, neatness and virtual invisibility if required, plus the option to be used as a decorative feature if constructed as a through mortice, using a contrasting wood wedge, as shown here. I went out and bought some tools, found scrap wood, and went about making cuts and chopping joints.

The dado joint is a very simple joint; it joins together two pieces of wood by fitting one piece into the notch of the other and then fastening it with glue or nails. Gluing is usual, though other fasteners, including dowels or wooden pins, are also common with lap joints. Mi­ter joints may also be fastened with nails, screws, dowels, or other mechanical fasteners. In order to finish some woodworking project you will have to take a large number of actions like project design, wood selection and preparation, finishing, but durability and sturdiness of your wooden construction will mostly depend on the choice and the manufacture of woodworking joints.

Although more time-consuming to make, they have a major advantage over box joints as the shape of the tails and pins mean that the joint cannot be pulled apart. Traditional joints are used with natural timbers as they do not need any other materials other than the timber itself. Rebate and Dado joints are simple joints that create an incredibly strong bond by inserting one piece of wood, a reabte, into a groove, a Dado, in another piece of wood.

These joints can be used in making simple boxes or frames, providing that there will not be too much stress on the joint, or that the materials used will take nails or screws reliably. A great deal of Saxon and Viking woodwork was done ‘green,’ that is the timber was not seasoned (dried out over time) before working. There are many types of woodworking joints; some can be made easily and the others are quite difficult to make, but the practice will show you that the more complex the woodworking joint is, the stronger it is.

Lap joints can be cut with dado heads, as well as with standard circular sawblades on radial- arm or table saws. The quality woodworking joints can be manufactured with the hand tools, but if you need high productivity, you will have to rely on machines and power tools. How to actually cut the joints is well covered in the ‘Stanley’s how to sheets’ These are excellent for getting the basic techniques.

Evans Bros dumbed down the Hayward titles after 1970, and so titles should be acquired with dates before that. The mortise and tenon joint is one of the oldest joints that are still used today and consists of one piece fitting into another. Dowel joints are a strong joints that are practical for joining small sections of timber or board, or for invisible joints.

Not only are these books the supreme definitive reference source for the best traditional hand practice (culminating in the 60’s) but Hayward was a legendary illustrator and these books are still a visual feast and knock spots off modern CAD illustrations. Tongue and groove joints allow two flat pieces to be joined strongly together to make a single flat surface. Butt joints are commonly used in modern construction and then reinforced with steel plates. Butt joints are the most basic joint where the corner is joined by glue and/or pins.

About Woodwork Institute (WI): Established in 1951 as a not-for-profit trade organization dedicated to the preservation of the use of wood as a building material, Woodwork Institute has grown into a national organization whose primary purpose is to ensure excellence and craftsmanship in woodwork. The mortise-and-tenon joint is harder to shape than other, simpler joints (both pieces require considerable shaping), but the result is also a great deal stronger.


The purpose of our woodworking joints category is to introduce the basic types and methods of making woodworking joints to the amateur carpenters, and for the experienced carpenters to serve as a reminder, or to expand certain knowledge in this field, if needed. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Lap joints are used to join ends (half-laps) or mitered corners (miter hall-lap).

The main uses for this joint are to allow two pieces of stock to meet – usually at a right angle – so that the joint is contained within the overall thickness of the material. I bought the entire series by Charles Hayward in the 1960’s whilst a student at Shoreditch College. The Hayward was a new work, although he recycled material (his own and others) – a tradition carried on by Robert Wearing and others.

With the introduction of the biscuit or plate joiner, any number of these joints are strengthened or varied thanks to the presence of the little, football-shaped wafers. The best results for these joints are achieved by cutting the angle of the joint with a drop saw instead of a hand saw, this creates very straight and neat edges. Butt joints are not commonly used in furniture construction, due to their weaknesses and for their lack of any obvious aesthetic quality. Cross-halving joints can also be used in trellis construction, making box compartment dividers and as the bracing ribs of a torsion box.

Puzzle joints are attractive and strikingly creative joints that are often used on very long wood surfaces. What I love most about butt joints is that they are so easy to do. Using a pockethole jig also means that you can create almost invisible butt joints. Each of these joints has a name and is usually some variation of a hole or slot on one timber, and a corresponding, matching projection on the other. Gluing boards with the grain running perpendicular to each other is often the reason for split boards, or broken joints.

A butt-joint is not usually considered as aesthetically pleasing as a mitre joint that joins the countertop pieces at an angle, but it uses less wood, is economical, and can be used as a design feature that calls attention to the linear look of the wood top. Or, simply highlight a word or phrase in the article, then enter the article name or term you’d like to link to in the search box below, and select from the list of results. Puzzle joints are a spectacular way to join two large slabs while showing off a lovely uninterrupted grain pattern, and no one does this better than DeVos Custom Woodworking.

It is one of the strongest joints because of how the side piece prevents the front piece from ever being pulled, due to their trapezoidal shape away and because the greater number of contact points also allows for more gluing surface. Much of the Anglo-Saxon and Viking woodwork was ornately carved and invariably painted or decorated in some way. Puzzle joints can also be used in slab construction when we are joining two slabs from the same tree. Finger or comb joints are similar to dovetails but are not as strong as the y do not lock together.

We’re guessing that most woodworkers will find more use for a biscuit joiner, with its ability to invisibly align and secure joints so quickly. The simplest of joints is a butt joint – so called because one piece of stock is butted up against another, then fixed in place, most commonly with nails or screws. Woodwork Joints explores every conceivable variation of joint making and is a valuable legacy.

Animal glue is soluble in water, producing joints that can be disassembled using steam to soften the glue. Woodwork Joints by Charles Hayward – the cover photograph here is quite different to the original I have. Through dovetail joints are also extremely strong – again due to the vast amount of glue surface area they contain. Rebates can be simple or complex, but are effective joints and much stronger and easier to assemble than butt joints.

On some constructions the visual appearance is also important, so an additional requirement for woodworking joints is to be either decorative or unnoticeable. A more common development is in the tongue and groove joint, which uses a milled tongue in place of a separate loose spline to achieve the same result. Mitre joints are not strong at all they are used for decorative effect to give a neat corner. Gillpatrick Woodworks can now supplement those offerings by providing high-end custom woodwork of all types.

A major feature of Japanese woodwork is how carpenters work without screws, nails, or any other metal fasteners to keep the wood together, which they say makes the foundation much stronger and longer-lasting. Rabbet joints are frequently used to recess cabinet backs into the sides, or to reduce the amount of end grain visible at a corner. The doweled joint is merely a butt joint that uses wooden dowels (A dowel is a solid cylindrical rod, usually made of wood) to help align and strengthen the bond between two boards.