When it comes to wood decks, here’s everything you need to know about planning, materials, and maintenance. I have a Red Oak double door with 2 outer panels I’m refinishing on the coast in Huntington Beach, CA. Availability of good oil based stain products is limited in CA with the ridiculous VOC laws, and the production oil based stains that are available are not exterior rated. Products like Thompson® WaterSeal® are formulated to even out the color differences caused by aging and shield your deck from fade-inducing UV rays.
Dip in a foam brush and begin to apply the stain in one area of the wood with the grain. Worn/stained wood – Use Benjamin Moore REMOVE Finish Remover (315) to remove existing oil and/or latex finishes as well as to remove opaque solid color stains and water sealers from wood prior to refinishing or restoration. If you are looking for a convenient and durable sealer, Thompsons Water Seal is the best deck sealer for you.
Toners and semi-transparent stains also protect wood against moisture while offering some protection against the sun’s rays (Figure 2). Two coats of top-quality latex solid stain over a primer on a solid-wood siding should provide 3 to 7 years of service versus as many as 10 years for an acrylic latex paint of equal quality. Regardless of how you finish your wood deck, maintenance is essential—and, in some cases, as easy as wielding a broom.
Choosing an exterior wood stain should depend on the situation and the surface you are staining. I was surprised that the wood absorbed yet dissipated the wet making this chair the drier choice with just a little sun. You need a primer/sealer coat that is more liquid than the final finish, which will soak into and attach strongly to the wood fibers as well as seal the wood so that the following coats will be absorbed evenly across the deck for a more uniform look. Set the wood on sawhorses with the side to be stripped facing up. Wearing latex gloves, pour a good amount of paint remover onto the wood.
All exterior varnishes are formulated to protect against moisture and UV radiation. It is so effective, many even treat boat docks with Timber Pro’s Deck & Fence Formula. I just restored an oak front door (with side panels) in New Jersey where this follow up” maintenance wasn’t done and the door faded” from new factory finish at the top to raw wood at the bottom because the soffit protected the top of the door while the bottom took a tremendous beating.
Unfinished wood – Use Benjamin Moore CLEAN Multi-Purpose Cleaner (318) to prepare wood for staining. For fully exposed decks, a water-repellent sealer or a penetrating semi-transparent stain may provide the best finishing solution, even on wood that has been pressure treated with preservatives. Paint and varnish adhere better to smooth edge-grained wood surfaces, while penetrating stains work better on flat-grained wood. Note: For exterior surfaces or for previously unfinished wood, three coats are recommended.
If the decking wood is 2 feet or less off the ground, you should consider only a non-film forming wood protector and sealer like One TIME® Color refreshing could be desired at 4-5 years , but wood is well protected from moisture and fungal damage for several years. Most woods will require sanding after the use of Problem-Solver Wood Cleaner and Wood Stripper. Then two coats of shellac to seal the wood with a final sand after the last coat. Once you decide to paint your wood deck, you’ve pretty much decided to always paint your wood deck.
The objective here is to kill and remove any mildew spores and open up the grain of the wood that might have mill marks that could prevent the penetration of the protective coating. From waterproofers and wood sealants to concrete stain , exterior stains & sealers and interior stains we’ve got you covered. After washing, the oxalic acid must be thoroughly rinsed with clean water and the wood dried before finishing or refinishing. Water based ones immediately start swelling the wood pores, so it blocks further penetration of the stain, which while cleanup is a bit easier, totally defeats the purpose of a PENETRATING stain or sealer.
Although the treated wood doesn’t need to be protected against rot, staining it will help reduce surface cracking. Special oils allow the finish to expand and contract with the wood as seasons and temperatures change. When staining the deck rails, take care not to splatter stain on the deck surface below; it will most likely leave unsightly darker spots when you are done. Tiny particles are allowing pigments, which in older formulas sat on the wood’s surface, to penetrate more deeply into the wood.
None of the three waxes left any gloss or sheen and instead gave a nice natural effect to the wood, bringing out its grain and conditioning it. They only thing that may be a drawback is how often it needs to be applied if you’re using it as a natural wood sealer. Clear stains, sometimes called transparent, are ideal when you want the most wood grain to show; however they hold up the shortest and experts say you can expect to have to refinish frequently (and annually in the case of decks). A semitransparent stain shows off the beauty of the wood because you can see through the stain.
I applied Behr Semi-Transparent Weatherproofing almost 10 years ago to a very lengthy fence and decks surrounded by wood railings; then, just last year, to part of a fence. Ideally it’d be great if someone could just point me to a place online to buy a glossy blond stain like the one in the image. While it isn’t recommended as often as Cabot or Sikkens, DEFY Epoxy Fortified Wood Stain still shows up often enough as a recommendation from both consumers and professionals. Cheap deck stains are made with cheap resins and inexpensive fillers that won’t last. If you need to paint wood that is badly weathered, the wood should be sanded, power rinsed, and allowed to dry before priming.
This Behr stain earns the second highest rating in the independent test mentioned above, offering similar perks as Benjamin Moore Arborcoat: resistance to cracking, color change, mildew, and dirt, along with 100 grams per liter of VOCs. I read the reviews and chose TWP1500 to protect my new cedar deck in Maine, 2 years ago. If it’s too large for that, I probably wouldn’t use a liquid or paste wood filler.
I know there are lots of folks out there making outdoor projects who would LOVE to hear what you have had success with. People do a nice job on a deck but then escavate under it making an almost indoor atmosphere (table chairs even bar). I agree that coating all sides of wood with any stain, sealant, or paint will improve its resistance to water. Problem-Solver® Wood Cleaner , product #8002 and Problem-Solver® Wood Brightener , product #8003, both from Cabot.
You have to maintain a wet edge with the sealer, which means that you stain each piece of wood completely so that you don’t stop working until you reach the end of that piece of wood or it intersects with another piece of wood. Once the deck is cleaned to your satisfaction, allow the deck to dry for the number of days recommended by the manufacturer of the sealant you intend to use — usually two days. Also, the more sun exposure your project gets, the quicker the stain will breakdown and need to be re-applied. The wood usually returns to its original color after cleaning with this type of cleaner.
We find DF that some painters choose a latex paint for outside use specifically out of concern that a wood surface may not be properly dried, or in hope that faster drying plus tolerance of moisture makes latex paint a safer choice if rain may be imminent. It is the perfect wood sealer for all types of wood around your home and business. Second, it’s a wood filler that will accept stain and dye after it’s applied to your project.
Another highly recommended stain by consumers and professionals, as well as by Consumer Reports, Cabot Semi-Transparent Deck and Siding Stain 6300 is a deep penetrating stain with high performance, lasting two to three years, depending on weather conditions. Over-applying the stain will initially look great, as the wood will take on an almost furniture” type look. I put an exterior oil stain on every 2-3 years to protect the table top and bench tops which makes it a lot easier to clean after a cookout. Do the right prep work with quality cleaners and use a good deck stain and you’ll get results like the pros. We got this waterproofing stain because we have some wooden sidewalk to protect.
I just installed new mahogany deck wood on my 3 season enclosed porch, and was wondering if it is safe to treat it with the Penofin Hardwood Formula or if I should use something different because it’s enclosed. The most durable and the most labor-intensive natural wood finish consists of three coats of epoxy followed by an exterior varnish topcoat.