Back Yard Heat Treating Oven had started making blades for hand planes and marking knives and needed a klim to do the heat treating.. This page explains where and how I made my oven and how to heat and harden 0-1 Tool Steel. Ranges of hand tools that had been created for craftsmen, to use, to earn their living by, were rationalised and cheapened out of existence. I recently acquired a Baileys 5 1/4 and I am looking forward to restoring it. What I was unable to find yet was the angle to which the blade of this plane should be sharpened. These planes are no different than that of any other field of collecting where unscrupulous, get-rich-quick, ought-to-be-making-license-plates-for-a-living, types abound.
I’m not a vintage plane expert, particularly regarding the collecting of rarer planes. It was often that these ‘braindead’ planes were offered until they sold out the initial production run. That indicates it is a type 15 or earlier Stanley bench plane (made before 1932). If you don’t know the subtle differences between a recently made plane of questionable vintage (looks old, but isn’t), noting this difference might save you from buying a lemon. These designs have famous names like the Miller’s Patent or Schrade associated with them as well as other lesser known inventors patents and ideas that Stanley bought and utilized in their designs.
Well regarded blade maker, , says Most block and bench plane blades are ground to 25°”. The wedge was tapped into the mortise and adjusted with a small mallet , a piece of scrap wood or with the heel of the user’s hand. The blade and back iron mechanism is better than I’ve seen on any modern Stanley plane before, but that is not saying much. Hand planes differ from power tools in that they require more finesse and a better understanding of the tool to get good results.
There are several types of these products available, and they vary in their length, width, and weight. The frog is lapped at the very edge of a bit of glass with sandpaper attached because the lateral adjustment wheel is proud of the plane iron bed. An infill plane has a body of metal filled with very dense and hard wood on which the blade rests and the handles are formed. If we’re using ebay as the sine quo non for purchasing vintage Stanleys, then it pays to note that the market is very strong for used L-Ns (and Lee Valley product as well) right there on ebay.
Having said that the little Quang Shang block plane that Malcolm sent was a delight. Bench planes are characterized by the cutting iron bedded with the bevel facing down and attached to a chipbreaker. The shoulder plane , is characterized by a cutter that is flush with the edges of the plane, allowing trimming right up to the edge of a workpiece. Secure the plane body in a vise, you may find it easier to hold the tool vertically. As long as you have smooth contact at the toe, around the mouth, and at the heel, the plane will work just fine.
At a minimum, new plane irons need to have their un-beveled side honed flat and polished to at least 4000 grit and preferably 8000 grit. A) I can build a sled to hold the board evenly as I run it through my planer, B) rip the board into smaller pieces that will fit on my jointer, or C) use a jack plane to flatten one side of the plank. The blade and back iron mechanism is better than I’ve seen on any modern Stanley plane before, but that is not saying much.
So there you have it. You can now turn around and sell your newly restored hand plane on Ebay for a handsome profit; add it to your own hand plane collection; or start using it to create wonderful wooden projects. On some planes the knob is used to adjust the size of the mouth by allowing a sliding portion of the sole to be moved back or forward to accomplish this. Grab the block plane to true a piece too small to run safely over your jointer.
The original Stanley blade was replaced by a LN Stanley Replacement blade, which was thicker and better steel. For this tool I recommend picking up an older Stanley (ideally a Bedrock, but many of the non-Bedrock older Stanleys are great as well) that has been well tuned to produce perfect shavings. People tend to end up with several of these (sometimes even in the same sizes). Interestingly, the planes that were not especially popular back in the day are the most valuable ones to contemporary collectors—they were only produced for around 15 years as opposed to the 60- or 70-year run of a normal Stanley product.
So the focus of this entry will be an old, but not so valuable, Stanley bench plane that has lived in my carpenter’s box for perhaps 25 years. When the plane is not being used, it should rest either on a pillow (a little strip of wood in the bench trough), or on its side. Some of their hand tools are made in the USA, and some like the #90 rabbet plane in the U.K.
When any project part would fit better if it was just a smidgen narrower or shorter, the block plane can save the day. This versatile tool was sold from 1884 until 1962, it was advertised as seven planes in one.. Most oldtimers will tell you they spent more time setting them up than using them. I have several different block planes, and each one serves a different purpose for me. But if I could only have one, my choice would be a Stanley 60-1/2 or equivalent.
I have a couple of old Bedrock planes that belonged to my great granfather, and I’ve been wanting to clean them up. I can’t wait to try this out. The bullnose plane has a very short leading edge to its body, and so can be used in tight spaces; most commonly of the shoulder and rabbet variety. No toolbox is complete without a Stanley plane, so pick up one to fit your working style and enjoy the tradition of great craftsmanship.
UDATE: Thanks to Wayne, our own Lumberjocks plane guru, make sure you will not alter the intrinsic value of your plane or other tools by this type of cleaning process, i.e. some planes have igh collector vaule and should be left as is with age patina. I am a hobby woodworker with a fondness for old Stanley planes( and quality old world woodworking tools and machines). Again, Lee Valley sells replacement rosewood handles if the ones on the plane you buy are beyond repair. Use the sharpie, and a square with a scriber to get this front opening straight and sguare to the sides of the plane body.
Instead of being expelled from the center of the plane and exiting from the top, these planes have a slit in the side by which the shaving is ejected. The circular or compass plane , which utilizes an adjustment system to control the flex on a steel sheet sole and create a uniform curve. Try to find out the value of your planes before you give them this kind of treatment. Just for clarity, I cleaned this plane because it has no other value than just a tool I wanted to tune-up.
Stanley has abandoned the market it once served so well with tools, support and education. Today, however, many woodworkers have chosen a path where power tools perform many of the tasks that were previously performed by hand planes. After owning hundreds and using dozens over the years, it’s fairly rare to come across a plane with a sole so warped, cupped, or bowed that it’s unusable.
The principal parts of this plane are: a main stock, A, with two sets of transverse sliding arms, a depth-gage, F, adjusted by a screw, and a slitting cutter with stop, a sliding section, B, with a vertically adjustable bottom, the auxiliary center bottom, C, to be placed when needed in front of the cutter as an extra support or stop. This is most important on block planes with cast iron hooded style lever caps, such as the old Stanley 9-1/2. Thanks for such a thorough and awesome write up. I will be doing this on a new plane I picked up for $3 dollars at a garage sale this last weekend.