Hand planes are generally the combination of a cutting edge, such as a sharpened metal plate, attached to a firm body, that when moved over a wood surface, take up relatively uniform shavings, by nature of the body riding on the ‘high spots’ in the wood, and also by providing a relatively constant angle to the cutting edge, render the planed surface very smooth. Our objective is to get the best tools in your hands and to show you how to use them properly. The Lie Neilson 112 large scraper plane is a very nice tool, however it is possible to mange without it as I have over 30 years. Beech; when the bed, wedge abutments and wedge are made within the radial surface; offers the stability of a less dense wood while having a relatively high density.
These have the advantage of having, again, the choice of A2 or 01 blades and a rather nice adjustment mechanism to the blade and a more comfortable plane body. He started buying box lots at auctions, taking out the few tools he wanted and selling the rest. Three hundred years of commercial plane making and evolution have led to beech as the choice for planes. We have now finished making our 50th plane since 1995 called the Moving Fillister Plane. For instance, plenty of clearance needs to be left for the plane width to change around the iron which has no dimensional change with humidity.
The gauge I have used most is a Cullen marking gauge from Classic hand tools its expensive but good tools are. Many spoke shaves will have seen very little work and are in plentiful supply in second hand tool shops. There are several factors that determine the value of a wooden plane- the maker, the condition, and the type of plane. Repeat the planing process as needed until your wood is a desired level of thickness.
Making your own tools can be one of the most satisfying of woodworking projects and anyone with novice skills and a limited shop can have success making their own wood plane. And then there are several regional groups, such as Potomac Area Tools and Industries Associaton or tool-specific groups like the Missouri Valley Wrench Club. J: The frog is a sliding iron wedge that holds the plane iron at the proper angle. Most planes have boxing on the right hand edge of the plane’s sole where most of the wear occurs.
These high-quality precision tools are particularly beautiful, made with iron, brass, or gunmetal bronze, and infilled with mahogany, rosewood, or ebony. Then, carefully, and without rocking, place the plane sole down on the painted surface. Working with wood can be very satisfying but needs time and patience to get right. There are some early American planemakers whose mark makes even an ordinary molding plane wroth thousands or even tens of thousands of dollars. With over 100 years experience we appreciate the difference a quality hand tool makes when in the hands of a professional.
The front of the plane is the toe- this is where the maker’s mark is normally stamped. An infill plane has a body of metal filled with very dense and hard wood on which the blade rests and the handles are formed. In the early 17th century, woodworkers in Europe often personalized this valuable tool , carving dates and decorations into their planes, which they usually made themselves, and buying the cutter blades or irons from blacksmiths. Ocaasionally the abundant rays of beech are visible as they line up perfectly with the side of a plane.
The wooden parts are all made of bubinga, a tropical hardwood with beautiful grain and reminiscent of the original rosewood handles you will find on the old Stanleys. Because of this, you’ll want to use your planer for smoothing wood surfaces only if the flatness of the opposite surface is assured. Perhaps the most influential plane manufacturer in history, the Stanley Company , entered the market in 1869. Even a plane that is marginally out of flat can be vastly improved by flattening.
The ductile cast iron body and working surface are accurately machined and ground plane is made up of professional quality tools manufactured to fine tolerances and therefore suited to the needs of even the most demanding craftsman. I have an antique wooden plough plow plane that is complete and can be restored to add to your woodshop to use or display. This plane dates from the late 1800’s and is a popular and desirable collectible plane for several different reasons. Properties of different woods and the anisotropic nature of wood offer a number of options.
By 1900, the carpenter’s tool chest, fully stocked and fit for the finest craftsman, contained 90 or more tools. It’s worth noting here that this delicate and difficult to plane surface is as left by a Clark & Williams smooth plane with the exception of finish a burnishing with 400 grit sand paper. The chisel plane , which removes wood up to a perpendicular surface such as from the bottom inside of a box.
This is largely a matter of cutting with the grain or against the grain respectively, referring to the side grain of the piece of wood being worked. Plane halfway on the edge, and then turn the piece of wood around in the vise, and plane in from that end to the center. A jack plane is around 14 inches (350 mm) long, continues the job of roughing out, but with more accuracy than the scrub.
On this page are a series of pictures and information about types of vintage & antique woodworking tools and planes that I buy, sell and deal in. I will discuss different types of tools we are seeking and provide some information about their values. The company continued P. Hayden & Company’s tradition of often using prison labor for the production of tools.
A particularly popular sort of groove-cutting plane is a plow plane, which generally comes with eight or more blades in different widths, each of which can be adjusted to various depths, and has an adjustable fence so it can make a wide range of grooves and rabbets in varying distance from the edge of the wood. The jobs that the router does could be accomplished with only a saw and chisel but the router plane will add consistency and repeatability to your rabbets, dados, tenons, and half laps. Lie Neilsen low angle block plane with adjustable mouth is popular with our students.
A scrub plane , which removes large amounts of wood quickly, is typically around 9 inches (230 mm) long, but narrower than a smoothing plane, has an iron with a curved cutting edge, and has a wider mouth opening to accommodate the ejection of thicker shavings/chips. Thanks to the invention of planes, a moderately skilled workman could produce the same quality carpentry that previously had taken a master craftsman countless hours to achieve with a hand chisel.
The body should not be twisted (put it on a known flat surface like a jointer table or surface plate and check if it rocks) and the sole should be close to 90 degrees to the sides of the plane. However I think if I were buying a plane right now I would be buying a Lie Neilson plane. As woodworkers, we tend to look at things backwards and assume that wood should be dry.
Sharpen the plane irons according to their instructions, then assemble the cap iron to each blade, leaving about 1/32 in. exposed at the cutting edge. People don’t blame yourselves when you can’t make that damn tool work — chances are these guys are, at least, partly to blame. Once you have reached the end of the wood, remove pressure from the toe and return plane to starting position.
I have had folks offer me Sears marked planes (Fulton, Dunlop) claiming they are far rarer because fewer were made, or marked that way, and they are, but if no one cares, and no one does, they are worth just a fraction of the same plane made by and marked Stanley in today’s market. Some are plentiful and were often used for craftsman-made planes as well as some commercially made planes but they don’t equal beech for common commercial plane making use. It’s also much easier to quickly wreck a piece using a power tool than with a molding plane. When I use my lathe, the tools lasts well sharpened only one or two minutes, despite they are HSS.