A common domestic in the USA, elm often has interlocked grain and frequently has excellent bending properties. The red maple tends to resemble hard maple and is much more consistent in colour, while the silver maple has a wide range of colours and can have a slightly softer texture. There are numerous types of elm trees ranging from the American Elm to the English Elm. Its adhesive properties are variable, but it stains and polishes to a good finish. A medium density wood with low bending, shock resistance, stiffness and compression values, with a medium steam bending classification.
This is problematic in terms of storing ash blanks because ash wood which has been allowed to dry is quite difficult to carve with hand-held whittling techniques because of its toughness. The wood is also resistant to decay when permanently wet, and hollowed trunks were widely used as water pipes during the medieval period in Europe. We did finally get our batch of chairs, but I’m sure glad I hadn’t bought that wood & planned to make a profit on it.
In Lichfield it was the custom to carry elm twigs in a procession around the Cathedral Close on Ascension Day, then to throw them in the font. Radial slope-of-grain – this is the angle between the annual growth rings of the tree, and the straight line down the middle of the wood. Top of page ulmi was the causal organism of the first Dutch elm disease pandemic starting around 1910. Ps, splinters from Elm seem particularly nasty and prone to infection.. that plus it’s tendancy to split or splinter at the wrong time and your chance of working with elm and escaping unharmed is very remote.
See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. I also would like to add to my post that when we initially cut the elm wood, it had red spots all over, particularly concentrated around the burls. About 1980, a researcher decided to start referring to wood moisture in a piece of wood as being the percentage of the original moisture in the piece.
Reclaimed Ash lumber pricing is on the lower end of cost in the reclaimed wood market. Eastern soft maple: Typically red maple in the North and silver maple through the Midwest and Southern USA. The wood is soft, and weak in bending and compression, and low in shock resistance. Sycamore wood is easy to carve in the green and as a non-native species in the UK is considered a ‘weed’ tree by nature conservationists. Artemis, Morrigan, Tyr, Mars, Aries, Herne, and Ambash all consider this wood sacred.
Pine barn wood siding is very popular as it is often available in long pieces and can vary in color from unpainted weather grey to a rich and traditional red. Some people I’ve heard on this forum say that they think that elm smells like urine, but it smells like arse to me. The white elm is a tall, symmetrical tree with wide-spreading limbs and drooping branches.
Magical properties: Black walnut wands are well used in magics of teleportation, astral travel, weather working, averting lightening, powers of the wind and breath, and motivation. Comments: Once one of the largest and most prevalent of the North American elm species, preferred as an ideal shade tree for urban roadsides. In early America, Iroquois Indians tempered fever with a medicine derived from the inner bark of the slippery elm.
Having solid understandings of common tree species used in historic North American construction and their defining characteristics can narrow down the process of correctly identifying reclaimed treasures from North America’s architectural heritage. You will need to register before you can post: click the red register link or the register tab, above, right. A hard and heavy wood with medium bending and crushing strength, low in stiffness, but very good in steam bending. Yellow Heart: Yellowheart is another powerful, yet somewhat unpredictable wood.
The optimum temperature for growth of ulmi is between 27.5 and 30°C, which may be the reason why ulmi has never spread to the upper limit of elm distribution in the mountains or further to the north. It involves the destruction (burning) of all elm wood attractive to beetle infestation, such as any elm stems and branches that are weakened, dying, or dead from the disease or any other cause. Today, unfortunately, elm trees are being killed by a spreading fungus called Dutch elm disease. It can be assumed that at least some of these species are in danger of extinction after more than 80 years of Dutch elm disease. There can also be small shakes in the wood which appear for no apparent reason.
As I said, Elm can be a pretty wood (in the same way a cheap blonde in a short dress can be pretty) I am pleased that you agree with me about it’s short comings. The greatest legend about this wood is that Merlin the Wizard carried a staff and/or wand made from Lignum Vitae. Elm is a ring porous wood like Oak and Ash, and has an open, coarse grain that is often very irregular and wild.
Designation of local landmarks recognizes, protects, and enhances important architectural, historical and environmental characteristics of buildings and districts. Beyond traditional timber framing, Douglas fir timbers can be a great substitute for glue laminated beams with the result being a much more attractive natural wood look. Both sides of a sample plank of Chinese elm / Ulmus parvifolia – HUGE enlargements are present. The wood is similar in general appearance to white oak, but with a slightly less pronounced figure due to the smaller rays and a more porous end grain structure.
He has received the highest award from the following societies: Distinguished Service Award, Society of Wood Science & Technology; Gottschalk Award, Forest Products Society; Award of Merit, American Wood Protection Association; and Award of Merit, Railway Tie Association. Red elm has a grayish white to light brown narrow sapwood, with heartwood that is reddish brown to dark brown in color. This was the most common wood used to create wands in the ancient Celtic traditions.
Lime has excellent carving properties and it is especially favoured for delicate work by master woodcarvers. This process generally includes hand-sorting, involving nail and bolt removal and banding wood units together. These properties make it an ideal wood for outdoor use such as garden furniture, decking, cladding and fencing. I was not aware that elm was a handsome wood that could be used for decorative uses like cabinets and furniture. As far as the wood from these trees goes, I’d place it about on a par with oak as a firewood (as long as the pieces don’t need to be split, that is!). Identify the rock elm by looking for leaves that are small, firm and dark green.
Fir is a fast growing soft wood which is uniformly textured and has a very low resistance to rotting and decay. The wood is light and soft with generally low strength properties and a poor steam bending classification. It is not related in any way to European sycamore but it has the same family classification, and similar characteristics to European plane. Beautiful wood and I did not find it difficult to work despite the warnings of wooliness due to the interlocking grain.
Old timber is sourced from disused or dilapidated structures that are no longer needed whereas new wood comes from tree plantations created specifically for mass producing lumber products which may or may not be managed in a sustainable manner. Engineering Disease Resistant American Elms – This article highlights the efforts to engineer a disease resistant American Elm to replace the mature trees destroyed in the past fifty years by Dutch elm disease. The wood is light and soft, with low bending strength and stiffness, and medium shock resistance. American Elm – This is a good fact sheet for homeowners or others interested in the management and use of this hardwood tree.
Sycamore: This hardwood is used extensively in inexpensive furniture and in veneers; it is very resistant to splitting, and is also a favorite wood for butcher blocks. It has since been developed greatly with numerous variations but its original properties remain its most valuable. Northern Red Oak is preferred in tuning and flooring applications whereas Southern Red Oak is easier to mill due to its softer texture which can sometimes lead to tearout and splintering.