Installing Wood Trim

There’s nothing like having a few gaping holes in the perfectly good exterior walls of your house during rainy season to make you fully appreciate that windows in your house will either be a blessing, or the bane of your existence. The sides should run past the lower trim so there is a natural rain drip edge and the lower trim is only cut the width of the window and caulked to produce the drip edge. You essentially want to mark and cut the door by laying a piece of engineered wood next to the door and cutting flush with the surface. Each type of reducer trim does the same thing, eases the transition between floors of different levels.

The baseboards needed shoe molding that was either not there with the carpet or removed with it. After cutting and dry fitting some shoe molding we started thinking Gee we should really install the prehung doors we want in the hall first and trim all the base molding to match. In my area, for at least 150 years in high end work, flooring is installed against baseboard without shoe molding.

Trim carpenters must often work with substrates and materials that are not always plumb, level or square, but their job is to make sure the doors, windows and cabinets work well and the whole house looks great. For accurate outside edge measurements, simply hold a piece of scrap wood with a straight edge tight against the adjoining wall and measure to that.

The trim was a little smudgy from all of the handling and, try as I might, the pieces weren’t flawlessly flush in all spots but they were close enough. Tack a piece of baseboard to an inside corner with one or two nails after leveling it. Use a compass to measure the distance between the chalk line (on the bottom) and the top corner of your tacked baseboard. Care should be taken during the removal as it is usually possible to re-use the same baseboard trim. This chart shows the high (summer) and low (winter) moisture levels for interior wood throughout the country. And with some trim gun models selling for under $100, it’s worth getting one of your own.

Most manufacturers recommend leaving an 1/8-inch gap at butt joints and caulking ( CAULKS & SEALANTS, EXTERIOR ) with a high-quality paintable sealant to avoid problems. Many manufacturers now offer solid wood trim made up of short lengths of high-quality lumber that is finger jointed and, in some cases, edge-glued to make boards as long as 24 feet. Widely used in beams and headers, LVL has also been put to good use as a trim material with some minor modifications such as water-resistant edge sealing and adding a couple of cross-laminated layers to minimize cupping. A brad-nailer (rented from a local tool rental agency) will make easier work of trim installation jobs.

Any other times, when the humidity is moderate, you are probably just kissing your sister (getting no benefit) and possibly making the wood worse by letting it acclimate. These trim options are almost identical to baseboard options, and some homeowners use the same style and design for their casing as they do their baseboard. Most new DIYers, when joining two pieces of trim together to form a longer piece, will cut each piece off at a 90-degree angle, butt them up next to each other (thus the term butt joint”), and call it good.

Typically you can make good use of a SawsAll or hand Router and some wood chisels and small wrecking bars among other things. The biggest cost of wood floors is the installation and knowing how to do it yourself saves BIG bucks! Most professions recommend pre-drilling to prevent splitting, but this is only required near the ends of the trim or with hardwood moldings such as Oak, Maple, Cherry, and Poplar. The different types of trim are distinct due to their locations at different points on a wall. I am now doing my family room two windows one which is very large and one which is small.

The trim was painted first, a coat of primer and two of paint was all it needed, the wall got a good share of trim paint, that’s why I had to reach into my left over paint to create a striking hue for the trim to pop up! Install the studs forming the bottom plate with their open sides facing the room, and insert lengths of 2-by-2-inch lumber into the studs before you install the drywall.

Many carpenters are unable to do a quality job cleaning, sealing, correcting problems found, and installing brickmold properly sealed because they are not willing to take the time it takes to do the job right. If your windows were ever replaced, it may be that the window stool extends below the window. Then hold the tip of a nail set against the nail head and tap with a hammer to drive the head about 1/8 inch below the surface of the wood. The shims can be trimmed flush with the back edge of the trim and then any remaining gap between the trim and the wall surface can be caulked.

Wall frame molding is not as common as other trim options because it is purely decorative and generally reserved for more formally designed higher-end or historical homes. But responsible carpentry can’t be accomplished without reading the delivered moisture content of the wood and planning for wood movement during and after acclimation. This won’t affect the fit of the door, but if the door finish is applied at the MC noted, there will likely be unfinished wood exposed as the door panels shrink to their in-service width. That way you can drive the nail all the way into the wood without damaging the trim around it with the wide and unwieldy head of the hammer.installing wood trim

Because no two pieces of wood swell and shrink at exactly the same rate, the joints often do show through. Like the siding, fiber-cement trim is heavy, requires special tools and procedures to cut and machine, and presents a dust hazard to those cutting the material. In these instances you may need to actually carve away some of the wood on the inside face of the mitered trim joint. If you needed to apply caulk to the outside of your window trim, you may have gotten some on the painted surface of the wall or you may have gotten some of your trim paint on the wall like I always do. Attach with 6-penny finish nails and recess the nails into the wood with your nail set.

In general, the nailing pattern is the same as for wood trim except nails should be kept 2 inches from the ends of boards. For sure, it’s a great thing to do, and if you can get paid for it, have at it. I’ve seen and installed miles of trim that was finished on one side only, and no problems. Determine trim style and positioning of trim around mirror to obtain specific measurements. This works particularly well with baseboard and crown molding, but can be applied to other trim details as well.

Often a 6 penny nail will be of sufficient length to penetrate the trim and plaster or drywall and then bury itself at least 3/4 inch into solid wood framing. Nearly all of them can be prevented before they cause a problem if—and only if—you measure the MC of the wood as soon as it’s delivered, and avoid using wood that is too wet or too dry for the expected in-use EMC.

It’s important that the MC of exterior trim be within 2-3 points of the EMC values for the area before it is installed. After a few projects, you probably won’t need them anymore, but for the first few corners (or if it’s been a while since you’ve hung trim), they can be a real lifesaver. Think through your trim details and consider how they will react when the wider assemblies shrink. If you have a load of wet trim (let’s say 15%), and think that acclimating it for a week is going to make any real difference, then I’ve got a bridge I’d like to sell you.

You want to make sure your floors are level, or the floor could peek out of your baseboard at certain points and look off. Once the old trim has been cut free from the house, use the crowbar and/or hammer to pry it off. Proper storage of wood siding and it’s accessories are a crucial component to the siding installation job and help to prevent unforeseen delays or complications. Check all joints where trim meets to ensure pieces are positioned correctly and square.

If the backing is solid, as when attaching a skirt board to a band joist, you can further inhibit movement by gluing the trim to the joist with construction adhesive. That’s because the lower nub on thin trim can fall into the space between the drywall edge and the floor. I am finishing my basement and now have our flooring (laminate wood planks) down.

When we moved out I was going to make a piece of trim for the threshold that would hide the break and stick up a hair above the vynel, with bullnose on top, to carry the weight and hide the break, and fix for good. Using PVC cement to weld one piece to the next, contractors can fashion corner boards, window surrounds, or other trim assemblies, using screws or nails to hold the pieces in position while the glue dries ( Figure 1-35 ). The assembled sections are then nailed or glued in place. Tack the shoe molding down into the floor with pin nails, and the cap molding into studs wherever possible.

Window trim is basically just four pieces of wood, no matter how you look at it, but some ways are fancier than others. You just swivel the saw base to match the angle you need (I was doing all 45-degree angled cuts, fortunately), lock it into place, and then line the piece of wood flush against the guides. Remove the baseboard from around the room; the hardwood flooring will be installed under the baseboard to cover the edges of the new floor. Quarter Round can be used alone, or it can be used in conjunction with a Wall Base (baseboard).

Costs are $1.80-$8 a foot, depending on style and height, for polyurethane baseboards that are impervious to moisture, won’t rot or crack over time and can be painted just like wood; it’s about $144-$640 for a living room and $900-$4,000 for an average-sized home. I really want to thank you from the bottom of my heart for this window trim tutorial ���� Thank you very much. Your wood will most likely be shrinking (it definitely won’t be expanding if the heat is running all day long).