The genus is hermaphroditic , having apetalous perfect flowers which are wind-pollinated. Although the fungus may also be present in all parts of an infected elm (except for the seeds), the highest risk for introduction of the disease comes from the bark because it also harbours the vectors of ulmi. Exposed to the open air over the years, the oxidization of the wood grain of White Oak often imparts golden brown accents. I’ve also used Siberian elm to an extent and as far as I can see, they are similar.
From about 1850 to 1920, the most prized small ornamental elm in parks and gardens was the Camperdown elm (Ulmus glabra ‘Camperdownii’) , a contorted weeping cultivar of the Wych Elm grafted on to a non-weeping elm trunk to give a wide, spreading and weeping fountain shape in large garden spaces. Elm bowls turned and photographed by Tom Pleatman, whom I thank for these pics and other contributions to the site.
Magical Properties: Some cultures primarily use Maple wands for spiritual healing. Scottish Wood recommends the use of naturally durable timbers as opposed to chemical treatment where possible. But, because of the variation in climate, soil typeand elevation, the wood produced can vary significantly in colour, grain and other physical properties. Someday I hope to add Chinese and Siberian elm to the site, and also update the page on elm identification. Maple is a fine textured hard wood native to Asia with immense strength and hardness.
Ziricote: A masculine wood; powerful wood that delves into the deeper levels of the mind. It may need assistance from another faster burning wood such as Birch to keep it burning well. Larvae of S. scolytus under elm bark; note the feeding galleries.Larvae of the Dutch elm disease vector Scolytus scolytus under elm bark. Reclaimed lumber can also be more stable than newly cut wood because it has been exposed to changes in humidity for far longer.
White limba is the same lightweight, extraordinarily decorative, and nice to work wood. Relative effectiveness of Scolytus scolytus, S. multistiatus and S. kirschi as vectors of Dutch elm disease. Hard and tough, elm still bends easily when steamed, and when dry, holds its shape. About 1980, a researcher decided to start referring to wood moisture in a piece of wood as being the percentage of the original moisture in the piece.
The wood is light and soft with generally low strength properties and a poor steam bending classification. Elm yellows symptoms on American elm species usually involve rootlet necrosis, degeneration of conductive phloem and cambium in the roots and the lower trunk, foliar epinasty, yellowing and leaf casting. I have searched for red elm, and slippery elm, and thus far have not found any after pages and pages of searching.
The materials used in the production of Chinese furniture varied depending not only on the region the furniture was produced, but also on function and whom it was to be made for. This is based on properties of clear wood pieces (2”x2” cross section) that were tested nearly 70 years ago. The pricing of Elm is reasonable and can be higher in a finished milled product due to grading. Heartwood is preferred by woodworkers and builders over the sapwood, due to its strength, hardness and golden red coloration. It has good nailing and gluing properties and can be stained and polished to a good finish.