Clifton bench planes are an accurate, smoothly functioning tool made to a very high standard for the cabinet maker and discerning woodworker, whether amateur or professional. The frog (45 degrees) and body on this plane have a fully milled fit so they mate solidly and hold the iron rigidly, leading to a predictable and controlled shaving. It wasn’t until the late 17th century that the making of planes became an acknowledged trade. My left thumb is on the toe in front of the knob, my fingers are under the plane with the second knuckle rubbing against the side of the wood and keeping the plane centred on the plank. We have created the following graphic to show customers how plane blades should be ground.
The front knob is a bit fatter and squatter than the later Bailey and Bedrock designs but anyone who has an early pattern low-knob plane will find the Marcou’s set-up quite familiar. If all you can find is a Stanley No. 6, then I’m sure it’ll work just fine as a jointer plane, and perhaps a Jack plane. However, they may be used as a single plane to create a simple decorative cove or round-over on the edge of a board. I would not waste my time on the cheaper new planes for what they are asking for them.
The very small curved bottom varieties are known as violin makers planes and are used in making stringed instruments. It can be used for cutting grooves, rabbets, shoulders, and other tasks, but I still recommend to start off purchasing a dedicated tongue & groove plane, molding planes, & beading planes (all mentioned below) in addition to a Stanley 45 combination plane. It is only when a plane is made from the best materials and to the finest tolerances do you get to enjoy planing work at its best. On Tuesday morning we learn a reliable and repeatable method of producing a curved edge on a plane blade.
We don’t ask tool makers to send us tools for review, we tend to review tools that students have bought and paid good money for. Bevel edge bench chisels (western) are the most common and most useful chisels found in a furniture makers workshop. For example, a look at the No. 5 shows that the sole and side walls are thicker than the Bedrock. I have used older Stanleys and they are very good, i have a Marples plane which to all intents looks like an old Stanley ,belonged to my wifes uncle and i use it alot.
A guide for the woodworker to intelligently build a set of woodworking tools, starting with a bench plane. So if we assume the wage was around 10.00 a month and we saw inflation over the past 100 years at 3% that 10.00 hand plane in 1909 would cost about $200 in 2009. However, if there is a major defect one can simply exchange it. If the plane needs attention of the same nature that a vintage plane would require then considering the heft, materials it’s a huge bargain. In most cases, stock will be delivered from a machine to the bench and will usually be squared and dimensioned to a finished size, having been run through tablesaws, jointers and planers.
There are 2 places you can try out LV planes: 1) LV store in Canada, 2) WW buddy who has one. When it comes to metal planes, it takes some doing to distinguish between the antique Stanley models and the contemporary versions—look for the Stanley name cast into the plane body or on the adjusting knob. Plane Blade Cases Small Bevel-Up Smooth Plane Low-Angle Jack Plane Bevel-Up Jointer Plane Jointer Fence. However, as a maker who does buy tools for professional use I will say that I own and use hand planes daily, from Stanley’s that I’ve refurbished to both LV and LN.
Ive always shyed away from cheap tools but because of the good things i heard about them i could resist ordering one and i certainly havent regretted it. Ive always used a long Mathieson dovetailed plane up until now for edge jointing ,but as i get older the weight of it was starting to be a pain, and it doesnt do as easy a job or as accurately. I have a couple of old Stanley smoothing planes and find the extra weight of my 4 1/2 over my no.4 to be quite beneficial. Early planes were made from wood with a rectangular slot or mortise cut across the center of the body.
For what it’s worth, my opinion is that Philip should be pricing his planes at the same level as Karl Holtey’s. But if you want a fantastic plow plane, go for a wooden screw arm plow plane with a variety of cutters. Other plane trade names and manufacturers included Bailey, B-Plane” by Birmingham, Chaplin, Gage, Keen Kutter, Ohio, Sargent, Siegley, Standard Rule, Union, and Winchester. Every year at shows I see people’s jaws dropping with amazement when they use my planes and chisels.
Even in the 19th century, plow planes, the most treasured plane in a woodworker’s kit, were purchased for show, particularly those made of exotic woods like boxwood, rosewood, and ebony, with ivory for the locking nuts and arm tips. I found this plane in some widow’s cellar in the early 60’s so who knows when the repair was made, except in a time when repairs like this made financial sense. On bench planes, the bevel always faces down while on block planes, the bevel always faces up. Enjoy the Buck Bros. FWW had an article last year where the Clifton was the only one of these three that did not have a flat sole (and which needed to be lapped).
Those planes were sold far less than 4, 5, 6, and 7. And of these 4, 5, and 7 comprise the core capability – smooth, jack, and jointer. Eventually, if you are serious about using planes, you will want a dedicated smooth plane. Inexpensive and good are the Ashley Iles bench chisels (the shorter ones) sold by Look on the web for , as they have quite a selection of chisels. Build up a collection of older Bailey planes as I have done; you will find most, with a little fettling make excellent tools.
The decline of wooden planes in the U.S. began in the mid-19th century during the Industrial Revolution, as new manufacturers, with their steam- and water-powered machines and assembly-line factories, started churning out metal planes. The only difference between my vintage plane frog and the premium versions is that mine are not the Bedrock” design. On the first day we dealt with plane tuning which involved truing up the sole and one side of each plane as well as preparing and sharpening the blade. To 10 inches, as compared to the standa…rd 9 ½-inch length of English and later American planes.
Other woodworkers may have slightly different priorities and terminology (plane names can vary), but this is from my perspective. So if you own a Stanley No. 71 router plane and your iron keeps coming loose, just flip the collar over! Or it’s not great!), I decided to show you how I go about evaluating a handplane when I review it. If other manufacturers have a plane that matches the Stanley number 4 then I would use it. After looking at their technique and scratching our heads we took a look at the planes & found that both were very slightly hollow just behind the blade and in front of the handle. Keep in mind that it used to be normal for a quality bench plane to cost approx.
Not only are the Clifton excellent and equal to the LN and Veritas in many ways, but you will be supporting your local economy. But these planes are a direct rip off of Lie-Nielsen products, right down to the thickness of castings, thickness of blades, colour of the wood (thick coating trying to look like cherry) etc. RalphinHB writes: I just voted with my dollars by buying a #3 bronze plane from Lie-Nielsen.
But he explained that he uses it more than any other plane, which I quickly discovered was true when he let me use it throughout the bench work week” class Needless to say, I bought one within a few days, and I really do use it constantly. A: The mouth is an opening in the bottom of the plane down through which the blade extends, and up through which wood shavings pass. Initially, the American colonists brought simple planes with them from England—a number of Wooding planes have been found in the United States.
I take more time and use a Stanley Plane which will satisfy both my need for a good result (quality) versus my need for value. When allied to the extra thick Clifton cutting iron and Clifton two piece cap iron, this design probably has the most rigid and effective clamping mechanism of any Bench Plane. The router plane , which cleans up the bottom of recesses such as shallow mortises, grooves, and dadoes (housings). An extremely versatile tool, combining the features of shoulder rebate, chisel plane and adjustable mouth bull-nose plane.
I have spent much of the past few years building my collection of hand-planes, starting with my Dad’s old Stanley No 5. My collection now includes a Stanley No 3 (1898), a Stanley No 4 (1910), a Stanley No 7 (1920), a Stanley No 92 (1940’s), a pre-WWII Craftsman filister plane, etc. Mass produced versions of these planes include those by Lie Nielson and VERITAS. In the beginning of the plane stroke here, the pressure is on my left hand on to the plane. But I get a tremendous rush everytime Dad’s old jack plane cuts shavings so thin you can read newsprint through them!
No one is going to debate that the LN is a better plane out of the box with superior customer service, but it comes with a difference in price. I’m also a fan of Veritas planes, probably the most innovative and ergonomically sound planes around, thinking of their shoulder planes in particulr. There are plenty of collectors that have mismatched piles of extra parts from similar broken planes. This provides adjustment in two planes – forward projection and lateral adjustment.
Similar in size to Western bench chisels, of laminated steel construction and in general thicker than their Western counterparts. The only bench plane missing from your list is a No. 8 (1s and 2s were always a novelty). So how does anyone justify a $500 dollar bill for a number 7 Jointer or 150 bucks for a simple block plane. But before I put a plane to wood, I like to measure the sole’s flatness with a reasonable measuring instrument so that I have a record of it before I start working. The Clifton planes are less expensive than similar Lie-Nielsen planes, but don’t let that fool you.
Part of this tree was sawn into 4 foot 1 by 8s. I use those boards in the tests. A polishing plane is a traditional Japanese woodworking tool which takes an even smaller shaving than a western smoothing plane to create an extremely smooth surface. The current crop of Stanley bench planes perform like total sh!t compared to the originals. You know, Thomas LN could have made a lesser quality plane when he started, but he didn’t.
Some people really love LN planes, and others LV. For these two camps I’ve seen 2 planes where people will cross to the other camp. In some areas the LN will lead (such as the use of brass), while in others it will be the LV (their plane blades are ground to a higher specification). The bleak subsequently many cross country phone calls and trans Atlantic faxes we had the privilege to shop test one of the stain new Clifton bench planes from Clico Tooling. The patents on those planes expired long ago, and many woodworkers look for tools that are familiar to them, that they know how to tune and use.