Magical Properties: Alder wands are used for witchcraft magick rituals concerning with charisma, journeys, self confidence, bravery, supervision skills, and spiritual growth. Applied externally either as a poultice or a salve, elm bark will relieve the pain and swelling of hemorrhoids and will also ease the pain of severe frostbite. Some wood just isn’t worthsaving and in my humble opinion Elm is the leading candidate for that honor. Today, elm timber is used for a number of purposes, a few of which are listed below. As you can see, addressing slope-of-grain first has the greatest influence on controlling the strength of wood bats now, and that’s the reason why it has received immediate attention in 2009. The sculptor starts by choosing a block of wood appropriate to the shape and scale of his intended design.
These products can be used on a variety of our wood products to protect the wood and bring out the natural wood characteristics. A study of the species, with particular reference to the wych elm in Scotland and its use by craftsmen. In North America only two species of bark beetles are known to be vectors of ulmi: S. multistriatus (introduced from Europe) and the American elm bark beetle Hylurgopinus rufipes.
These properties make it an ideal wood for outdoor use such as garden furniture, decking, cladding and fencing. Prior to working at MSU, he served on the graduate faculty at the University of Minnesota, Department of Wood and Paper Science. Sassafras, often mixed in with ash when cut, is the softest (of similar grained woods like Red Elm, Oak, and Ash), open grained, light in weight, produces a very warm wet sound with lots of presence. Garden apple tree prunings can provide fascinating shaped branch wood to carve.
The grain of elm also switches direction causing tearout and dulling of blades quickly, even though it isn’t that hard of a wood. Carried or worn as a charm, this wood will enhance female beauty and feminine grace. The heartwood of American cherry varies from rich red to reddish brown and will darken on exposure to light. Plantation of other species is a common practice and should be done because it was monocultures of elm that made the immense impact of Dutch elm disease possible in the first place. Despite its tendency to twist and turn, elm timber has often been used for furniture.
Durable under water – Elm will last almost indefinitely when placed in water or below ground level (although it is not durable at ground level). Rather, many (possibly the majority) were shaped from slippery elm’s close relative—the European elm. American Elm is scarce because it is attacked and killed by Dutch Elm Disease, which has wiped most of them out.
Gum (sweetgum, red gum): This hardwood is often used in veneers or in combination with rare woods; it’s also used in some moderately priced furniture. Cedar is a reddish soft wood native to Lebanon, western Syria and south central Turkey where it is traditionally used in the making of Venetian Blinds. For more technical information on the amount of heat in wood, and how it is measured and calculated, see Amount of Energy in Wood.
I am in the middle of making some furniture out of American elm (ulmus americana) from a tree that had to be removed due to a municpal library’s expansion. Interior Woodwork in Houses (PDF) – In the discussion of choosing the proper wood for interior woodwork material, this report compares hemlock with other wood choices. Even prior to the American Revolution, the dried and powdered inner bark of the elm tree was found to have an array of medicinal uses.
Magical properties: Poplar wands have an incredibly diverse energy, allowing it to be an all-purpose wood for magickal workings. The materials used in the production of Chinese furniture varied depending not only on the region the furniture was produced, but also on function and whom it was to be made for. There are more than twenty varieties of elm throughout China but they are more concentrated in the north. Chechen: An exotic Mexican wood with a wide range of color variation from dark chocolate to light butterscotch colors.
Therefore, the following must be seen as general notes on each of the wood types I like to work with best, and ought not to be taken to describe any individual wand. Elm has interlocked grain and this not only leads to its tendency to distort, but also makes it tricky to hand plane or otherwise bring down to a smooth surface with scrapers. A piece of furniture holds many clues that can help you assess what quality of wood was used in its creation.
Only elm was considered to be suitable for the headstock of a bell 865 Although most are now veneered chipboard products, coffins have been made from elm since as early as medieval times 229,580. His research interests are sustainable manufacturing forest products, wood adhesives, recycling, and new forest products development. Yew: Yew wood is heavy, very hard and firm, tough and elastic even though it is actually a softwood. Natural airflows through the stack, and particularly through the cut cells of the pieces of wood themselves, dries them sooner than that.
It is not related in any way to European sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus), but it has the same family classification, and similar characteristics to European plane (Platanus orientalis). It involves the destruction (burning) of all elm wood attractive to beetle infestation, such as any elm stems and branches that are weakened, dying, or dead from the disease or any other cause. In other words, if wood is cut to four-foot length and stacked, for nine months, and then cut to shorter burning length just before use, it will probably not burn well because it is still too wet (green). The wood glues well and has good resistance to splitting when nailing and screwing.
The species of choice of Scandinavian wood carvers, birch has an attractive figure, is easily obtainable and carves well. Removal of the entire vascular lesion by pruning is often sufficient for an elm infected by ulmi to recover from Dutch elm disease. The application provides facts regarding a variety of elm trees, and can be used to help identify elm trees.
Siberian Elm was brought in as a Dutch Elm Disease-resistant tree and only grows in areas where it was planted (though it does reproduce prolificly and spread from where it was planted). The wood varies from pinkish to reddish brown in color, with prominent, closely spaced rays; the grain pattern is distinct. As I said, Elm can be a pretty wood (in the same way a cheap blonde in a short dress can be pretty) I am pleased that you agree with me about it’s short comings.
I know in the town where I live now, there are still a couple of elm trees on the main road that survived the disease, somehow. Dr. Wan received his B.S. in forest products at Central Southern University of Forestry and Technology in China, his master degree in wood composite at the Royal Agriculture University of Copenhagen, Denmark and his Ph.D. in wood composites at Mississippi State University, USA. Pacific coast / big leaf maple: This Pacific Northwest species follows the grading guidelines for red alder.
There are people who insist that wood should be dried (seasoned) for at least one or two years. Furthermore, the likely reason why wood bats break more often today, compared to years past is… the method in which wood is processed from the log. Reclaimed barn wood is often sought after for its visual appeal and unique character gained through evidence of its previous use. Magical properties: Cherry wands are very centered and has very grounded energy. The wood is light yellowish brown, very similar in color and in grain to maple.
The smell of Elm can be a natural dirty smell when milling but is fairly odorless after being kiln dried. Its twisted, interlocking grain makes elm difficult to work with anything but power tools. Lauan (red lauan, white lauan): This hardwood, a mahogany look-alike, is used in less expensive grades of furniture; it is often sold as Philippine mahogany. Eastern soft maple: Typically red maple in the North and silver maple through the Midwest and Southern USA. The wood has a strong fragrance, is easy to work and can be polished to a bright finish.
Cypress is found in swampy marshlands throughout the southeastern part of the United States and because cypress wood does not rot when exposed to extremely wet conditions, it is sought after for building outdoor furnishings, docks, or decks. Scottish Wood recommends the use of naturally durable timbers as opposed to chemical treatment where possible. These properties have been used by the Lapps to make roofing shingles and by the North American Indians for their birch bark canoes.