If you want to look for a place for hosting some small events and family parties, you will find there is no better choice than a floating deck. Attached are a couple of screenshots of the planned area where the deck should be. Of note is a gate on the right side of the house that opens inside so the total width of the deck shouldn’t interfere with opening the gate. Granted, it’s a room without walls or a roof (unless you put in awnings or a pergola), but it should be approached with the same care and consideration you would use when adding a bedroom or expanding your kitchen. Laying out your deck on site is nothing more than outlining the size and shape of your deck on the ground using batter boards and string.
Use Footings – Even if you are building a deck that does not require a permit, it is important to use 48” deep concrete footings that extend below the frost line. As most yards are not 100 percent level, we used 4×4 pressure treated lumber , cut to size, to prop up the 2×6 framing to create a level frame. A pre-cast footing, or pier, is a tapered concrete block with a square, 3-inch depression in the topside.
A floating deck or stand-alone deck, one that is not connected to the house, will eliminate the danger of weather-induced damage to the house from frost heaving. Then cut the deck ends (B) and sides (C) (Project Diagram, Cutting Diagram) to fit the project as you proceed to account for any variances. Position the posts according to the marks you created in Step 8. Secure them with wood glue and permit the deck to dry according to the glue manufacturer’s recommendations. For barbeque enthusiasts, a fixed vinyl deck offers more convenience as far as food preparation. The building inspector said that I could do it they would approve of the plans but he would not recommend their use.
Fixed decks can easily be screened and a roof added for three season use and typically require less annual maintenance. Deck building is labor-intensive, using heavy materials, and it requires working outdoors, so plan your time accordingly. Bear in mind that you can usually lower the height of a deck by using smaller joists and beams, a change that requires you to reduce the beam span (by pouring more footings and piers) and reduce the joist spacing (by using more joists).
If it is not, you will need to make adjustments as you place the blocks used to hold the frame in place so that the deck itself will be level, even if the ground is not. I personally hate the traditional method of fastening down a deck board, and if it doesn’t reach the end of the deck, just adding an extra piece on. After a few winters of expansion and contraction that seam” between the boards looks terrible.
Kristin did this project for The Home Depot’s Patio Style Challenge The ideas and opinions she expressed are her own. Reinforcing bar (re-bar) should be placed in the concrete to add strength to the footing (if necessary), especially if required by local code. Modules also help you start with a small deck that looks over, but you can add modules to expand bridge at any time. You may also do some digging in the ground in this area in order to make the soil flat.
For the times you cannot do it yourself, have your deck built by the experts on our RONA Installation Service team. And if you don’t attach the deck to the house, you don’t need deep frost footings—which can save hours of backbreaking labor, especially in wooded or rocky areas where footings are difficult to dig. While it may seem that the process of how to build a floating deck is fairly straightforward, do consider that the instructions will need to be customized, particularly measurements, diameters and lengths, based on the planned size of the actual construction. The frost line is the maximum depth where the ground will freeze in the winter.
As an unplanned bonus, when their son had his birthday party a year later, the edge of the deck also doubled as seating for a rowdy group of young party-goers. To speed up the job of building the individual frames, use galvanized-metal corner brackets to attach the four perimeter boards. Still, many areas prohibit their use, so be sure to check before building with them.
There are many railings that provide beauty to your deck design and added safety for all who use it. Complete the look of your deck with post caps. I’m really not sure how to proceed with getting the deck foundation set up, or how to properly estimate the height of the deck and the materials I’ll need. It’s constructed entirely of pressure-treated lumber and features a 360° wraparound pool deck that’s connected to a spacious 10 x 18-ft. I’m afraid I jumped the gun and started in Draft, creating flat rectangles to represent the pieces of lumber.
The foundation for a ground level deck is made of cement piers that sit directly on the ground. Cedar is tremendously expensive – I’m building a playset right now and ACQ is about 40% the cost of the cedar. When laying planks, make sure to leave a slight gap between each one to allow the water to run through the balcony and off the deck. Adding # 4 rebar (steel rod) to a concrete footing will increase the strength of the footing, and the footing will be less likely to crack or splinter. Be sure to level your interior blocks to the corner blocks—you do not want to feel as if you are on the ship deck when you are finished!
Either way, she offers some good ideas on how to build a floating deck similar to hers in your backyard, as well as some building and planning tips that come from her experience with this project. Piers are sized according to deck loads and the size of the posts they support. Many building inspectors prefer this foundation form because the exact dimensions of the footing are easily determined.
Low-level decks can be supported by concrete blocks or precast pads/piers placed on compacted soil. This sleek and subtle floating deck design was made to be tucked into a lush garden. We attached our interior supports using deck screws from the outside of the frame into the supports. Instead of building a large floating deck plans, build a number of small floating modules and restore them together to create a bridge. Once you have decided on the placement of your Calgary floating deck, take some time to decide on the materials you will use to create it with.
You then place the entire assembly into the hole, backfill around your tube and pour your concrete. At the next to the last board, remove the rim joist and mark and cut the ends off the joists so the last deck board lines up with the edge of the rim joist. Raised decks have a beam system supported by 4×4 posts that must be secured in the ground. This can often be done while obtaining a building permit for your outdoor structure.
The deck features a built-in bench running the full length, with matching table and pergola. Bordered by large stones and carefully planned garden plants, it’s a flat oasis for social gatherings. Set into a large yard with plenty of space, this floating deck features a raised construction design for a truly elevated experience. Ultimately, it comes down to your personal choice and which type of deck you feel you will get more out of. If there’s a perfect area for a deck that’s away from your home, a floating deck will allow you to use that area.
We carry everything you’ll need to set your deck posts for sturdy, long-lasting results. With joists protected from the worst of the weather and from the grunge that can accumulate between deck boards, deck framing should last longer. A new deck can add value to your home and increase your living space without the expense of adding a room. However, codes do differ from town to town, so be sure to check with your local building department before starting construction on your pool deck.
In a yard flush with thick greenery, this deck provides a simple but effective open space for dining and relaxing, with plenty of room for a large dining set and Adirondack chairs. QWICKBUILD offers benefits unmatched by any other decking construction methods, such as low height, long span, high load substructure framework, plus it is perfect for use over floating decks over a waterproof membrane and roof top decks whilst allowing access and ventilation, maintaining the membranes integrity. But my ground is extemely level at the site I plan to build…I might be worried if it were on the other side…but not here.
By making the footing wider at the bottom, you reduce the chances of frost heave even further, and the larger footprint means the weight of the deck is spread over a larger area, which reduces ground pressure at the bottom of the hole. Deck Spacers come in three colors to match standard composite colors (gray, brown, and tan) and are made from UV-resistant materials so they last as long as the deck does, the company says.
Their plan was to eventually replace the higher deck and have it seamlessly flow into the floating deck and then to the garden. I fell in love with the floating deck Kristin Jackson of The Hunted Interior revealed in her Patio Style Challenge last year. A few cautions: If all or part of the deck is higher than 30 in. off the ground, you’ll need a building permit and railings. Each 4×4 post is supported by a hot-dipped galvanized base that’s roughly 12 inches square and held in place by a 34-inch-long post jackhammered into the ground. Use pressure treated lumber and exterior grade, hot dipped galvanized or stainless steel screws to assemble your deck.
Attention: It is the responsibility of the customer to attain the required building permits and to abide by specific building codes, bylaws and rules applicable to their property or construction site. By not allowing the water to soak in, waterproofing helps your deck dry faster as well. Be sure a deck is covered by your homeowner’s policy before you commit to anything.
Still other homeowners opt to build a floating deck partly or fully around a water feature. Check your local codes, and talk to the local building inspector to find out what the footing requirements are in your area. We used a premium grade of low-maintenance composite decking with hidden fasteners, which brought the total cost to over $2,000, but using standard treated decking and screws would cut the cost by more than half. We attached the deck boards with hidden fasteners (see Materials List in Additional Information below).