The red elm has a glue-like substance in its inner bark that formerly was steeped in water as a remedy for throat ailments; powdered for use in poultices, and chewed as a thirst-quencher. The heartwood of American cherry varies from rich red to reddish brown and will darken on exposure to light. The wood is generally straight grained, but sometimes with wavy or curly grain that produces an attractive and decorative figure. Because Dutch elm disease has destroyed so many trees, elm has become a rare wood, and can be both hard to find and expensive.
Sassafras, often mixed in with ash when cut, is the softest (of similar grained woods like Red Elm, Oak, and Ash), open grained, light in weight, produces a very warm wet sound with lots of presence. Cedar (Western Red) – Pacific Northwest: Western Red Cedar is a life giver to the local Native was used to provide shelter, create baskets for fishing and food gathering, medicinal purposes, and was even as clothing. The hickory tree provides nuts as well as valuable hardwood for use in wood products of all types.
The end grain of Elm is very distinct and Elm can be challenging to work with when milling although the wood is very durable. Elms are highly susceptible to Dutch elm disease, a fungal disease which devastated populations since it arrived in the UK in the 1960s. Cherry Tree and Wood Identification – This page provides pictures to aid in identifying cherry trees as well as cherry wood when used in construction or woodworking projects.
Observations on the transmission of Ophiostoma ulmi by the Smaller Elm Bark Beetles (Scolytus spp.). Meeting IUFRO: Integrating Cultural Tactics Into The Management of Bark Beetles and Reforestation Pest. It is important that Oxoid MEA is used for morphology examination as this medium brings out very clearly the distinct characteristics of both species.
In North America only two species of bark beetles are known to be vectors of ulmi: S. multistriatus (introduced from Europe) and the American elm bark beetle Hylurgopinus rufipes. As for a potential project for the school, you might consider making a showpiece deacon’s bench for the library…it would be a peferct wood for that purpose…but just don’t go making any committments for large tables or huge case goods.
It has all the carving qualities of apple wood but is a much darker, mahogany-like colour, which can be shined up to a wonderful lustre. Elm heartwood ranges in tone from reddish brown to light tan, while the sapwood approaches off-white. No wood is as durable, weatherproof or insect-immune as stone, and thus is used mainly for indoor works. If you address bat shape only… and make bats 24% stronger… it won’t matter, because bats with bad slope-of-grain have wood that has 1/4th the strength. Rowan: The wood is dense and used for carving and turning and for tool handles and walking sticks. Fifty percent of the weight of the piece of wood is now gone, evaporated as water vapor.
Magical Properties: Use this wand in magic that seeks direction, abundance, wholeness, and general acquisitions. The base of an elm is reinforced with a visible, shallow root system that is wide spread. Elm yellows is widespread in the eastern USA, where sporadic epidemics have killed endemic elms, but not those of Eurasian origin. The art of wood carving was also maintained by English cabinet-makers like John Linnell, John Cobb, Benjamin Goodison, William Vile and the eminent Thomas Chippendale (1718-79).
In particular, the American elm (Ulmus americana) had been extensively planted there and, with its vase-shape, gave the streets and boulevards a distinct appearance. Now, that explains why you’re up there in Minnesota…But I still can’t understand why you’ve developed such an extreme hostility toward elm. The sapwood of American beech is white with a red tinge, while the heartwood is light to dark reddish brown. It may need assistance from another faster burning wood such as Birch to keep it burning well. You’ll find elm growing in river bottoms and on low, fertile hills mixed with other species of hardwoods. Also used as a utility wood for upholstered furniture because it holds tacks well.
Another disease of the American elm is Phloem necrosis, which is caused by a virus (Morsus ulmi). We have a large amount of elm in stock, however supplies of this beautiful wood are dwindling due to the effects of Dutch elm disease. Cedar (Eastern red cedar): Cedar, a softwood, is used primarily in chests and closets; it has a distinctive scent, and is effective in repelling insects.
All that said, I think it is a very attractive, ring-porous wood that is more elegant than oak, ash, etc. Magical Properties: Use of the Elm wands is strong in magic used concerning endurance, fertility, horticulture, passage thru death and phases of life, rebirth, and invocation of the Goddess. I know in the town where I live now, there are still a couple of elm trees on the main road that survived the disease, somehow. These properties have been used by the Lapps to make roofing shingles and by the North American Indians for their birch bark canoes. On better sites, associates include red oak, black walnut, white ash, and basswood.
I seem to remember it being used by James Krenov it one of his books , that might have been English Elm though. The burls in the elm tree that I had were stunning and warranted the extra work and waste required due to the warpage ( I made alot of veneer instead of the all solid wood that I had hoped for). Yet, because of its tough and stringy nature, slippery elm and other elms have long been regarded as difficult woods to work with.
Magical Properties: Artistic ability, magical knowledge, and optimism are provided by the enchanting use of Hazel. Elm yellows symptoms on American elm species usually involve rootlet necrosis, degeneration of conductive phloem and cambium in the roots and the lower trunk, foliar epinasty, yellowing and leaf casting. After drying Red Oak properly, it is known to be one of the most stable wood types holding its shape at large cuts or dimensions.
One of the strongest healing woods known; the energy of this wood is good and pure, clean like the earth from which it is born. The leaves of slippery elm are alternate in arrangement, usually broadest below or near the middle, tapering abruptly into a long narrow point. I’m sure Jon Arno will have more info if he posts, but one of elm’s characteristics is that a new branch will start growing on the side of the trunk or a large limb. The wood has a strong fragrance, is easy to work and can be polished to a bright finish.
Elm: Mixtures of green, red, brown and gold blazing wych elm has a chatoyancy that is only surpassed by the finest koa. Top of page The introduction of ulmi to North America, Europe and parts of Asia resulted in a severe epidemic of Dutch elm disease during the first half of the twentieth century. The wood nails and screws well, glues excellently, and can be sanded and polished to a very good finish.