A Guide To Wood Species

If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ You’ll find answers to the frequently asked questions as well as basic rules. COLOR: Heartwood is uniformly pinkish to dark red, often a rich, dark red mahogany hue, turning a deep brownish red with age and exposure; sapwood is pale. To make this easier, below you will find a list of different tree types, classification and then individual wood characteristics. Well-known guitar brands B.C Rich and Eastwood use this species as a mahogany substitute.

Les Stansell uses this wood on his fine classical guitars, and Robert Ruck has commented that it compares favorably to any of the traditional flamenco woods and recommends it on all levels. In 1886 a third species, Swietenia macrophylla, was named by Sir George King (1840-1909) after studying specimens of Honduras mahogany planted in the Botanic Gardens in Calcutta, India.

In finished pieces: Another trick to tell Swietenia species from Khaya species, especially if you do not have access to the endgrain, is to look for ripple marks on a flatsawn surface of the wood. White Oak (Quercus alba) is a wood found on the North American continent with a straight grain and a moderate to coarse texture. Utile shows some darker medullary ray lines on a flatsawn surface that can be used to tell it apart from Genuine Mahogany and those darker lines actually add great interest to the board. Mexican Mahogany: It should be noted that a third Swietenia species is sometimes encountered: Mexican Mahogany (Swietenia humilis).

Ultraviolet light, oxidation, and handling all contribute to the patina of an old piece of wood, whatever specie it is. However, Cherry and Mahogany respond to these effects more quickly and dramatically than many others. Mahogany is not just mahogany, but there is also mahogany, that is really not mahogany, like Phillipian mahogany, etc. Identification: As mentioned previously, the wood of African Mahogany features an endgrain that is, for the most part, absent of any discernible annual or seasonal growth rings.

The finish tends to make the wood look somewhat blotchy but the Linseed Oil provides the best grip for those weapons that are used for endurance or strength training. Honduran is more of a brick red/brown in color and Amazon is similar in color to Brazilian but is usually found with less figure. Sure, both swamp ash and basswood sit in the middle between mahogany and alder.

This species has been developed in South America and is marketed by Weyerhauser as an environmentally friendly alternative mahogany substitute. Mahogany also has related species, some of which are called mahogany but are actually a different wood. These hardwoods are more often used for sides and back with other softer tonewoods on the top, to create complex tonal qualities that a single wood alone can’t achieve. Composites, like Trex , TimberTech , CorrectDeck , and Veranda , to name a few, are composed primarily of wood fibers and recycled plastic.

The wood has a rough oily feel, is straight grained and coarse, strong, hard, of low shrinkage, and easily worked but brittle, and tends to dull tools. Similar to mahogany: Botanically, it’s in the Meliaceae along with the rest of the woods listed from here on up. Also, it’s weight, strength, and workability properties are similar to genuine mahogany.

While quartersawn Utile offers a ribbon-like striping effect similar to that of Sapele, the grain patterns and coloring of Utile make it nearly indistinguishable from Mahogany when flatsawn—at least to the untrained eye. It is dense and, has bright tap tone which is similar to Rosewoods, glues well, and takes a high natural polish. It is a dense tropical wood that boasts the bright zing of koa and maple but with more low end. Ash: This wood comes in a harder, Northern variety and a softer, Southern variety.

As far as stability is concerned, Honduran mahogany has no peers, but tonally there are some good alternatives in the mahogany family. Sometimes confused with hickory; the zone of large pores is more distinctive in ash, similar to that of red oak. Both Swietenia mahagoni, and Swietenia macrophylla were introduced into several Asian countries at the time of the restrictions imposed on American mahogany in the late 1990s and both are now successfully grown and harvested in plantations in those countries.

Soft maple can be mixed in production of furniture with birch wood to create a better value. The recommended finish of gloss Lacquer is shown and brings an incredible luster to the wood. It has very similar qualities to New Zealand Kauri in terms of headroom and response. A visually striking timber, very similar in properties to both Brazilian Mahogany (although with more top end presence), and Tasmanian Blackwood (which it is closely related to). This is yet another wood that reminds one of maple in appearance and working properties, though its’ texture is a bit coarser. Ash is a very popular wood in the sport and recreation industries because of its capability to absorb shock.

Best known as the wood of classic ’50s Fender guitars, ash is most desirable in the form of swamp ash—wood taken from the lower portions of southern-grown wetland trees that have root systems growing below water level. Honduran Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) is one of the most beautiful woods to use. Hickory (Carya ovata) is the heaviest, hardest and strongest American wood in use.

This more porous, open wood doesn’t quite have maple’s hardness, strength, or stability, however, and it isn’t suitable as a fretboard material. As an instrument ages and is played, the wood will actually change its density and tonal effects. Unlike Swietenia (genuine mahogany) and Cedrela (true mahogany), all species of Calophyllum are resistant to Hypsipyla grandella enabling plantations of the South American species Calophyllum brasiliense to be successfully established in Brazil. The small size of most logs and a shortage of wood conforming to market preference for even color and regularity of grain conspire to keep the price of red spruce extremely high.

In the mahogany neck a lot of information is blocked and when the gain is increased and the signal becomes more complicated the results are even worse. Nice well rounded earthy tone similar to Indian Rosewood, with often beautiful brown swirling grain. Strength : In the green condition Angelique is similar to teak in most strength properties and clearly superior to white oak. As a result, this species can be preferred over Genuine Mahogany when staining or clear coating is the desired finish.wood similar to mahogany	wood similar to mahogany

Similar in appearance to Mahogany, Primavera has creamy golden white colors with darker variegated lines randomly running through the wood. At the end of the Seven Years’ War (1756-63), the mahogany trade began to change significantly. The color of this wood varies from pinkish-mauve to golden blond colors, and when oxidized, it can exhibit rich, dark colors. The above will remove the stain, without injury to the color of the wood, mahogany or any other kind.