To ensure a smooth (and safer) cut you will want to keep your chisels very sharp. A lathe with a very low speed range allows the user to start a piece of odd shaped, unbalanced stock without excessive vibration, and high speed machines can speed the work while making obtaining a fine, smooth finish easier to achieve. Homemade wood lathe constructed from surplus shipping pallets, a repurposed DC servo motor, chromoly pipe, bolts, and bearings. For most applications, the standard range of you average lathe plenty broad to produce good results. The average woodworker doesn’t buy a lathe, unless they are serious about getting into turning wood. Having a bench grinder on hand to do this makes using a wood lathe much more enjoyable.
I’m glad to have decided on the 65345 over the Grizly, PSI, Jet and Rockler variants, mostly because they all appear to be the same lathe under different finishes and definitely because the price at Harbor Freight for the same CM lathe is just too reasonable to pass up. Out the door on sale and with 20% for $159.00. Beat that… and the lathe only took 10 minutes to prove it has the guts to get a job moving forward.
The main claim to fame of the JET JWL-1221VS , on the other hand, includes its smooth transition from forward to reverse, optimally designed speed ranges, 60 RPM to 3,600 RPM variable speed, and unrivaled speed control ( PSI Woodworking TCLC10VS has more upper RPM speeds, but JET JWL-1221VS Variable Speed Wood Lathe has more variation in the lower RPM settings).
A woodworking lathe depends a lot on the skill of the individual wood turner, as they are essentially carving the spindle, with the lathe only rotating the work piece to allow the cutting action to happen evenly all around the circumference of it. Cutting is accomplished with a series of hand-held chisels, with only a tool rest to reduce the amount of strain on the woodworker’s hands.
You may also find my thoughts on Which Lathe to Buy helpful in making your decision. It is also a larger change-wheel than the others, and on some lathes may be larger than the change-wheel mounting banjo is capable of mounting. Some lathes have a different type of bearing configurations in the headstock that can affect the smoothness of its operation. I bought this lathe about 2 years ago and have used it quite a bit in that time. Fundamentally, a lathe is used to make components such as shafts and bushings that are basically cylindrical in shape. Most big box stores or places that carry power tools will have a selection of wood lathes.
These models can be operated on a bench, and they are made to create more intricate pieces compared to standard lathes. There are a variety of wood lathe types you can choose from (as showcased below), and your choice of them will determine what type of wood items you can create. These power tools are also made to operate at varying speeds depending on what your needs are and what effects on the piece of wood you want to produce as you shape it quickly into whatever final product you wish to get. A great example of one chisel set is the Savannah HSS wood lathe chisel 8 piece set.