Purple Martin’s will reside in birdhouses that are white in color and are made up of numerous small compartments. Anyone who currently has a Purple Martin house that does not meet these minimal requirements should remove it immediately as they will not attract martins and the house will become a breeding ground for House Sparrows and Starlings, birds that have had an enormous negative impact on many of North America’s cavity nesting birds including bluebirds and woodpeckers.
In fact, more than a few of our customers who consider themselves empty nesters have decided to change their status by attracting and caring for a purple martin colony. You can also add gourd birdhouses to your purple martin house by hanging them from the corners as additional houses. If you want to get rid of house sparrows or European starlings nesting in a bird house, it is legal to remove their nests and destroy the eggs. A: Yes, because the Purple Martin House is made out of plywood you should most deffinately shingle the roof.
This will help reduce the chance that other birds may swoop in and cozy up to the purple martins’ home. Either of these steps would significantly help in the conservation of Purple Martins. If you know of any other FREE house plans for purple martin houses, please let me know. While I encourage those with the proper habitat to consider becoming a Purple Martin landlord, I also ask those with a martin house in habitat avoided by martins which has become a breeding spot for invasive species to relocate the house or remove it completely.
House sparrows and European starlings usually won’t nest within ten feet of the ground. These free purple martin bird house plans provided graciously by Purple Martin Landlord John Balga of Ontario, Canada. The house should be placed about 10 to 17 feet above the ground, without any connecting poles or wires so as to discourage predators. Another very sparse Purple Martin House Plan here from the Wildlife Research Center of the USGS.
This bird consumes a variety of the larger flying insects, including dragonflies, moths, butterflies, house flies, horse flies and deer flies. The pole is hollow and through it runs a cord by which the house is raised and lowered. Pick the most open spot on your property and dig a hole 3 feet deep with a post hole digger, since martin houses should be in the open, at least 40 feet from houses and large trees. The Purple Martin entry holes are 2 1/4 inches in diameter, but can be no smaller than 1 7/8 inches for Purple Martins to fit in them.
Purple Martin (Progne subis) In The Birds of North America, No. 287 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America Online, Ithaca, New York. This should be done so that the nests are not disturbed when opening the house. Their houses need to be in an open area so they can sail straight into the houses from at least two directions. At the same time the martin population, like that of other native cavity-nesting birds here, has drastically decreased. Martin birdhouse manufacturers would, of course, like you to believe otherwise. Fortunately, a lot of people have been studying exactly what purple martins require.
The chart below will be useful to more experience woodworkers in building bird houses for some of the more common types of birds. Purple Martins prefer dwellings that are placed in the most open area available; this means at least 40 to 60 feet away from nearby trees and at least 50 feet away from houses. The immature Purple Martin is similar to the adult female but its color is drabber, and its underparts dirty white. As the Europeans entered the New World they adopted the custom from Native Americans of hanging gourds to attract Purple Martins.
Perhaps the most common accommodation for martins is the apartment house.” You can buy wooden or aluminum houses at hardware, feed and seed stores, or you can make your own. Purple Martins have fascinated human beings from the time of the Paleo Indians in 900 A.D. who may have started the behavioral transition of martins, to modern day Purple Martin landlords. This will help it to shed the rain water and keep the inside of the Purple Martin House dry, and it will protect the roof as well. Second, when the birds return, open all of the new house to them, but only half of the old house. Untreated, scent free wood is ultimately the best material from which to construct a birdhouse.