Wood Planer What Is It And Why You May Need It?

A wood planer is a wood working tool that’s been around for a very long time. Portable small wood planers use motors that can sometimes provide high RPM and extremely smooth surfaces. One that planes, especially a machine tool that is used to smooth or finish the surfaces of wood or metal. As a result, you can buy any thickness of wood from the lumberyard and as long as it is of good quality, you could always put it through a wood planer and achieve the required thickness. The key is letting the jointer do the work and moving the wood across it so that the least amount of wood is removed to correct the defect. Regardless, the planer is to carpentry what the chisel and hammer are to sculpting.

That will save mr a k lot od wood also the problem with just the planer is that it pushes the wood down flat while planing and springs back up after through the planer, some time the wood is not usable. Chip bags collect planings rather than allowing these to be blown out from the back or sides of the planer. Many serious wood craftsmen have a difficult time deciding between a jointer or a planer.

Choosing the right pallet can mean the difference between finding the safest and best materials versus using damaged wood that may contain toxic chemicals. This part of the table is narrower than the removed component, because the wood will be pushed down by the auxiliary stop, and after the cutting knife has processed it, the workpiece will be flatter. Hand planers combine a cutting edge with a solid body, and they are scraped across a wood surface.

With the proper skill and accessories, you can also use power planers for finesse work like beveling door edges, scribing cabinets and countertops, and shaping and tapering wood trim (Photos 3 – 5). We’ll show you five common applications, plus tell you how to use, maintain and work safely with this unique, versatile tool. I went for the jointer first because I had access to a friend’s portable planer. When I hit the roller I will back off a little bit and then I know that I’m probably at the surface of the wood at this point. These mini wood planers also tend to be much more affordable than larger wood planers.

Handheld planers are still very common, but larger electric wood planers into which wood pieces are fed are also used quite frequently. When cutting and shaping pallet materials, it’s often wise to avoid making cuts near nail holes, splits, or cracks in the wood. Although it’s not the strongest or fastest planer around spec-wise, what it does offer at the price point it has can most certainly be considered a cost-effective bargain. Thanks in advance, for your replies….I’m an idiot but do have some fundamentals with wood working….nothing like you guys but I do enjoy tinkering.

Each unit serves its own distinct purpose, but one works to prepare wood to be used in the other. Repeat the planing process as needed until your wood is a desired level of thickness. This curved base planer from Makita utilizes an extremely powerful 12-Amp motor to make arches and arcs in timber. In a demo they planed the end grain of a large piece of wood and it did not chip out the end of the cut. Instead of buying separate tools (although jointers are pretty much planer variants as well), you can now use both functions in one machine, thus saving you money.

The first thing you notice about this planer is it’s high quality construction. If the board is considerably wider than needed, I’ll joint the straightest edge, take it to the table saw and rip it down to the size needed, plus ¼”. Then, I can joint a wide face, go to the planer to make the other wide face flat, parallel and reduce the stock to the wanted thickness if necessary. The curved base that is a feature of this planer from Makita, makes short work of any project requiring a curved plane.

And all that without using any sort of infeed/outfeed table – that’s how good the planer is. The jointer fence held 90 the whole time (some people say things drift over time, I didn’t see it in one day – but with lots of wood). When working with edges, we often joint one edge straight and then go to the table saw to cut the opposing edge parallel to it. With the wide faces, after jointing one face flat, the planer is used to cut the opposing wide face flat and parallel to the jointed one. The planer is a tool for woodworkers who require large quantities of planed stock and who elect to buy it rough cut.

The type of planer you should purchase must be based on the type of job you want to do. If you’re dealing with small work piece sculptures in woodworking class, then you should have just as miniaturized planers on hand, like the portable planer and the handheld planer. One of the harder things to learn when operating a jointer is developing a feel for how much pressure is necessary to maintain control of a piece of wood as it moves across the knives. It also works well on damp and freshly cut wood just as nicely as it does on dry wood.

F: The chipbreaker or Cap iron serves to make the blade more rigid and to curl and break apart wood shavings as they pass through the mouth. However, given the growing cost of quality lumbar, recycling old wood presents itself as a cost effective solution. Place a mark on the router table where the left side of the core box bit will make first contact with the wood. Be aware, you can get by with not having a vacuum system with a jointer, but I’d say NOT with a planer.