Traditional woodworking handplanes are the rock stars of hand tool woodworking. Stanley’s metal bench planes were first numbered based on size—the No.1 was 5 ½ inches, the No. 8 was 24 inches, and so on. Many of the company’s planes and tools became standard for every woodworker’s tool kit, including the No. 80 scrapper (used to give wood a glass-like surface), and the classic No. 45 combination plane, which is like a plow plane, but also cuts various curved molding forms.
If you can only afford to start out with one bench plane”, then I’d recommend buying a jack plane, specifically a bevel down Stanley No. 5 metal Jack Plane (Bailey” style or Bedrock” style, if you can afford it) or a Lie-Nielsen No. 62 Low Angle Jack Plane (bevel up…additionally works on difficult grain, end grain, and in concert with shooting boards ). Read this article by Christopher Schwarz to choose between Bevel up vs. Bevel down hand planes.
Some planes like circular or compass planes have curved soles to carve curved surfaces, while still other planes like molding or shoulder planes make steps (called rabbets or rebates), bevels or chamfers, window sashes, door panels, convex, concave, and beaded molding patterns, and jointing features like dadoes, tongues, grooves, mortises, and dovetails.
Some very stable and beautiful wood might be obtained from flooring installers or dealers for the plane body, as well as for other projects. The decline of wooden planes in the U.S. began in the mid-19th century during the Industrial Revolution, as new manufacturers, with their steam- and water-powered machines and assembly-line factories, started churning out metal planes.
To 10 inches, as compared to the standa…rd 9 ½-inch length of English and later American planes. I also like the Stanley No. 65, No. 60-1/2, & No. 9-1/2 block planes (though not as much as my Lie-Nielsen). If I had known how bad it would be, I would have bought a LN or a wood river to save some cash. As many others have pointed out before, a plane is really nothing more than a jig for holding a cutting implement at a consistent angle.
Find best value and selection for your VINTAGE AND COLLECTABLE BRASS SMOOTHING PLANE Size No 4 search on eBay. And then there are other markings for trademark, high quality, hand made, special, etc. It’s a Dunlap 3DBB smoothing plane with a sole that is 9-1/4″ long , essentially it is like a Stanley No. 3. I was looking for a new low angle block plane and was able to hold both in my hand. Again, with so many planes available, there’s no reason to settle for a tool with heavy pitting. A jointer plane, 22 to 30 inches long, is used to prepare the long straight edges of a piece of wood prior to jointing them.
This list of non-urgent hand planes reflects my experience getting started out. Im friends with Ron Diefenbacher so i can go and take a look at the finger planes if you want. Plus, they work as great high angle planes forever and are truly excellent scrapers. The Veritas bevel-up jack is a great value for a plane since it’s so versatile. Stanley No. 5 Jack Plane : The most common size of hand plane because it can be stretched for several uses: removing a lot of wood (like a scrub plane), jointing edges & flattening faces, and even smoothing.
I just exchanged a few emails with Philip Marcou about the criteria for evaluating planes. I don’t see a lot of them, but on eBay I usually see a few for sale at any given time. In 1968, President Lyndon Johnson ordered all molds and tools used to build the SR-71 destroyed so that the plane could never be built by anyone again. So for me they were great transition-to-Japanese planes that are still very useful. A couple weeks ago I purchased at full price one of his planes from his eBay store for about $70 to take it through its paces in my shop. I have used Paypal with many eBay sellers and even a shop in Japan (Mandaraya honors Paypal).
It’s not a collector’s favorite tool, but most traditional woodworkers use a block plane more than most other planes. Wooden planes can be dated by the maker’s mark, the type of screws used for plows, and also the size—for example, it wasn’t until the mid-19th century that American molding planes took to the 9-inch standard. I bought the same on ebay from china but the 4 of them together (8mmm, 10mmm, 12mmm, 18mmm) were about £40.
In the process of stocking my shop I have a number of excess vintage planes and other tools available for sale for those who are looking for a clean user grade vintage tool at a resonable price that will be less than the 3 big dealers in the Northeast (at least 2 that you have mentioned in the past). The Veritas blades are also less expensive than Lie-Nielsen’s router plane blades.
Though Nisbett has made this plane better than the original manufacturer, there are limits to what he can do with the tool. For a plane to be identified as a metal” plane, the body and at least part of the sole must be metal, whereas the knob, handle, wedge, fill, and part of the sole can be wood. So I have learned how to play along with the ebay regulars and challenge them on their own turf. Unlike other block planes, the blade extends from side to side, allowing you to use the plane for many more purposes, such as trimming tenons.
I had been warned from multiple sources to not purchase vintage shoulder planes as their machined bodies may be out of true”, and difficult to refurbish. The parts involved are the main blade, chip-breaker or secondary blade, wood body (dai), and usually a metal pin to hold the chipbreaker blade in place relative to the main blade cutting edge. The SR-71 aircraft is a reconnaissance plane that can soar at an altitude of 90,000 feet and can fly faster than a high-powered-rifle bullet, according to aviation experts.
Either way, blisters are probably going to happen when using a finger plane for the first time. Even though it’s a professional plane, the low angle configuration is simpler than the complex frog on bench planes. Initially, the American colonists brought simple planes with them from England—a number of Wooding planes have been found in the United States.
Router planes are very useful and necessary for cleaning out dado joints (for shelves) and mortise bottoms, for creating a level base for decorative inlays, leveling tenon cheeks, cutting out mortises for hinges, etc. Often called the workhorse of planes, the block plane is used for truing up end grain on boards ends, creating chamfers on edges, trimming tenons, etc. Many of the Stanley No. 71 router planes are selling for not much less than that.
However, if your need for critical tolerances is that great, I recommend you invest in a modern Lie-Nielsen or Veritas plane. That being said I am looking forward to tuning up my bedrock 605 plane I recently purchased at an antique mall for use on a shooting board. Buy the hand tool instead; if you change your mind, they sure have better resale value!
Below is my list of top hand plane brands (bigger manufacturers), with special ebay search links to each brand. I was primairly interested in smoothing planes, as that is closer to the function of the Stanley #4, but some block planes being offered were of a similar size, so they were also included. The block plane (Stanley’s is No. 120) is commonly found in most people’s kitchen drawer and is used to, among other things, level uneven doors. And we see very similar plane blades ranging in price from 1000 to 7000 YEN(!) or 10 – $70 for rusted beaters – and no bids.
To collectors, these tools are usually more valuable when they come with all the blades and the box with its instruction booklet and screwdriver, and yet these planes were also the least valuable to the people who used them. Thanks to this tradition, antique wooden planes are easy to date and identify—there are almost 3,000 known American, Canadian, and English planemakers.
Sellers who spoil a plane trying to tart it up. I recently returned a plane because someone had been at it with a flap wheel or something, although this removed the rust, it also rounded over the edge of the sole and the iron and left a sharp edge on the side. Wood River and Lie Nielsen also make BU jacks, but Veritas has both the features and the quality, which for the price make it a great pick. Craftsmen of 100 or so years ago made do just fine with the planes that were available. Sometimes the markings are illegible, faint, obliterated, rusted, or when on eBay – poorly photographed or just plain omitted.
I cracked a nice eBay fixer upper chisel a while ago – I kept it on my workbench as a reminder to go slow. You can also buy vintage wooden router planes (called Old Woman’s tooth” or Grandma’s tooth”) here on eBay or at a flea market. I own several Stanley 45 combination planes (a couple are being restored) and I like them, but don’t love them. Scottish-style infill planes are definitely more expensive than the normal vintage Stanley Bailey handplanes, but they’re usually less expensive than buying handplanes made by newer companies (e.g. Lie-Nielsen & Veritas).