A CENTRALLY LOCATED WOOD STOVE and an open floor plan work together to heat this well insulated home. When they are burning well adjust the controls down again in the same way as before. Removing an uncertified wood stove is not required when you are buying or selling a house. A second damper higher up on the vertical section of the stove pipe is advisable to permit shutting down the stove in case of a chimney fire. Wood is a renewable fuel and, assuming that new trees grow up to replace those cut for firewood, it is carbon-neutral, meaning that it doesn’t have a net contribution to global warming.
The stove is connected by ventilating stove pipes to a suitable chimney or flue , which will fill with hot combustion gases once the fuel is ignited. When you start a fire or add wood to a fire, the fresh fuel requires much more air for the first 10 to 15 minutes to complete the rapid combustion phase. Pellet stoves utilize wood pellets for fuel, composed of sawdust or small wood chips. If you have a specialised wood-pellet stove, you can usually buy wood pellets online or from a local supplier. Screen the intake hole to keep out little living things and build a damper in it to close off airflow to the stove when the fire is out.
One of the biggest dilemmas for people when they decide to get a wood stove is what room they should put it in. According to William Fenton of Fenton Fires in Greystones, Co Wicklow, if you’re picking between two rooms that both have chimneys, you should always opt for the room you use most. Ready-seasoned wood has around 40% moisture content, and can usually be purchased for around £95 – £123 per cubic metre.
That’s already lower than the higher price points of wood stoves, plus pellet stoves are able to be ventilated through a small hole in the wall, making them able to be installed anywhere in the room and saving on chimney costs. To help you work out how dry your wood is, you can also buy a moisture meter – these cost around £20. Once you have your firewood back home, split and piled in a woodshed, or at least covered to keep it dry while it seasons, it is time to streamline the job of getting the wood to the stove. You can accomplish the same thing that the soapstone does if you have a brick or stone wall behind the wood burning stove.
Burning wood that has been seasoned will give you a heat output of about 3kWh per kg. The high, curved, solid wood back was designed to catch radiant energy from the fire, while shielding the back of her neck from the cold drafts being drawn toward the fireplace by the chimney updraft. The cross-section area of the chimney flue should be at least 25 percent bigger than and not more than three times that of the stove pipe.
The Secondary Air Input Valve takes air which has circulated around the stove and over the front viewing glass (helping to remove soot and keep it clear). Conduction happens when two surfaces touch each other – such as your body sitting on the warm stove exhaust. It is important to keep your wood stove, and the flue and chimney it is connected to, as clean and clog-free as possible. Nice dry softwood makes excellent kindling but remember not to burn treated or painted wood.
All these aspects should be carefully considered before you make your investment but a Stovax retailer will be able to lead you through the options to ensure you choose a stove that will not only be a welcoming and warming feature in your home but a real asset to your heating system. Wood should be split to a maximum thickness of 10-15 cm (4-6 in), depending on stove size. If you are burning logs simply for ambiance, then designer logs will work adequately. If the stove is too near a stairwell, you may lose much of your heat to the floor above. The Wood Gun wood gasification boiler is made by Alternate Heating Systems in Pennsylvania.
EPA training video This excellent training video module provides information about EPA’s residential wood smoke program (WMV, 40:55 min.). The heat efficiency from burning wood is dependent on the wood moisture content since a proportion of the fire’s heat is needed to boil off the water in the wood. Another example of a Wagner Zaun house with a wood stove is a Duluth home that tested out at 0.7 ach50.
Using downdraft gasifier technology, this boiler burns the gasses produced during the normal burning process, therefore allowing minimal CO2 to be released into the atmosphere. The idea of getting a regular wood stove and spending the difference on improved windows is well taken. Feel free sharing this article with friends who may also be thinking to build a wood stove for themselves.
You can also get peat briquettes, or make your own using a compressor machine, which you can buy online for around £20. If unsure about proper operation of your wood stove for optimal performance, consult with the company you bought it from or a chimney cleaning service. Dirt in the bottom of the stove acts as an insulator, keeping the stove from getting too hot on the bottom, endangering the floor. When an efficient, airtight stove is selected and installed with a proper chimney, the efficiency and safety of the stove operation largely depends on the skill of the operator. I start with twigs, then smaller branches and only put logs on when the stove is hot.
Thus, most stove installations have some type of non-combustible wall protection behind the stove to allow for installation closer to the wall without presenting a safety hazard (see Figure 1). Asbestos millboard, while it is an acceptable type of protection, is not recommended because of the health hazard from asbestos fibers. If needed, a damper repair kit may be available (and installed) to make the unit fully functioning as a wood burning fireplace. We have a neat little device called the FlammenPilot which will tell you the right time to reload your wood stove – this can potentially save you a serious amount of wood.
As painful as it sounds, many of us are going to have to use more oil and electricity this winter instead of wood. Plus, if you can use wood that would have decomposed otherwise, you’ll get the added benefit of heat while the wood releases the carbon dioxide it has sequestered during growth – if left to rot in the woods, all the carbon dioxide gets released (albeit much more slowly) and you’re left in the cold. I keep my firewood in my garage so I bring it into the house before burning and stack it next to the stove. Modern inserts not only burn the wood, they also burn the smoke produced by the wood to help reduce the amount of carbon monoxide.