Paint and natural wood finishes are an effective way to protect and decorate surfaces. A simple overhead conveyor system can be designed to move wood products through several wood finishing processes in a continuous loop. Best Bets: Exterior wood surfaces (boats, decks, outdoor furniture), as well as high wear areas (flooring, tabletops, and cabinets). Once you have the hang of it, try a few other colors and techniques to create even more dramatic finishes. Simply use a stiff bristle brush to remove all surface dirt, dust, and loose wood fibers, and then apply a new coat of stain. Some combination products are sold in which a stain and a sealer are applied to the wood at one time.
The exact properties of the wax in use (color, hardness, melting point, etc.) Are determined by the processing of the raw wax once extracted from the honeycomb. Used on concrete and floorboards, floor paints are typically solvent-based and very hardwearing. Decks and porches present a particularly severe exposure for both the wood and finishes. It is health safe and does not yellow, thus retains the new look of the furniture.
When the surface is previously finished, painted with a non-porous paint or sealed. Whether you are installing a new hardwood floor, refinishing an old one, or just keeping your existing floor looking as good as new, Minwax® has a full range of products to make and keep your floors beautiful. Here, the information about the coatings is loosely grouped according to the respective material’s functionality as a coating on wood.
A stray strand lodged in the surface could leave an unsightly stain in the wood. The incompatibility of oil and water is widely known, but if this combination must occur, it is essential to coarsen the wood before applying the polyurethane. On the other hand, belt and disk sanders can remove finishes quickly, but since they’re capable of removing so much material, you must be very careful not to ruin the piece by sanding too deeply.
It’s also a good idea to use paste wax on furniture finished using penetrating oils. Cabot has developed a comprehensive family of wood care products formulated for virtually every application, from start to finish. This paint dries very quickly, so by the time you’ve put a coat of paint on the entire piece of furniture (unless you’re painting in very humid conditions), the area you first painted should be dry again. For optimum results, first treat the wood with a paintable water-repellent sealer/preservative.
METAL FUSION by Kountry Kraft is an exciting new finishing process created to take a wood component from ordinary to extraordinary! Natural wood finishes, especially those that soak into the grain, are often difficult to remove, so take time to think about your requirements and choose the right product. In the 18th and early 19th centuries many pieces of American furniture were built with domestic woods such as maple or cherry and then stained to make them look like mahogany, which was imported from foreign shores, and therefore considered more exotic and valuable. Shellac and water-based finishes dry fast too, and can be either sprayed or brushed on.
Where it works: These oils give a rich warmth to the wood surface, and linseed oil in particular tends to accelerate and exaggerate the natural patina of the wood. Ultimately, I chose to work with oil-based stains and finishes because it dries slower than its water-based counterparts. But millions of people poison the planet when using toxic paint and wood finish.
The Lowdown: The two primary types of evaporative finishes seen today are shellac and lacquer; they’re a bit different than varnishes or oils as they are composed of a solvent and a resin, and simply rely on the solvent to evaporate, leaving the resin behind. With many solid metal characteristics this metalized application is available in eight metals and three finishes.
The clear color of water-based polyurethanes is a definite advantage if you’ll be trying to match a finish later on; it will be easier to do if the wood you are trying to match was given a clear water-based finish. Don Smith realizes the challenges you face in selecting the right product to protect your wood project to ensure its longevity and we recommend quality Sikkens Products to keep your home looking simply beautiful. Most furniture finishers develop an intuitive understanding of the materials they use.
The last resort” is just to leave it as is, let it cure, and shoot it with dewaxed shellac, followed by fine wool and wax. Lacquer is considered more difficult to apply than other clear finishes because it requires several coats with sanding in between. Often, a final coat of wax is applied over the finish to add a degree of protection. Usable on all kinds of wood, veneer, and medium density fibre board (MDF) surfaces, they offer uniform penetration along with a depth and clarity of tone that emphasises the natural pattern and character of wood grain. Wood finishes are perfect for creating beautifully finished furniture and for restoring old pieces.
By understanding the nature of finishes as chemicals on the surface of the wood, the finisher can greatly expand his abilities to use different finish materials. Wood treated with creosote or pentachlorophenol in oil is not recommended for use around the home where people will come in contact with it. However, wood treated with water-borne salts is suggested for use as patio decks, outside steps, privacy fences and other home uses.
Most painted finishes are available only on maple due to the uniform appearance and smooth, clean characteristics of this wood. The most common of the traditional finishes in the West was linseed oil, but tung oil (once called ‘china wood’ oil) was also used, although more so in the Orient. Satin finishes are also good at resisting mildew, stains, and dirt, and are pretty scrubbable.
Half the value of a piece of furniture resides in its finish, so maintaining it has economic as well as historical and aesthetic benefits. However, it is difficult to completely eliminate large defects from wood surfaces. Store finishes containing pesticides in original containers under lock and key-out of reach of children and pets-and away from foodstuffs. If your cabinets have been painted before, you’ll want to determine what type of paint was used (see our tips on page 3). This is important because an oil-base finish requires an oil-base sealer/primer. Plus, Tootie and Cheese take care of the rest of the furniture with their claws.
Wax coatings are also commonly applied over existing furniture finishes such as French polish, varnish, and oil finishes. It can be used outdoors without finishing and will go practically unchanged or weather to a light gray. Painted wooden surfaces are usually quite durable because the paint soaks into the wood and produces a strong bond. Oil-based primer adheres to wood better, but it’s also less flexible than latex primer, which means it’s more susceptible to cracking. Such furniture should also be covered to protect it from dust, which may be indistinguishable from the powdered pigment during cleaning.
My hubby has stripped the cabinet doors and stained them red chestnut, beautiful color. However, not all finish materials used in furniture care are expensive or exotic, and not all traditional materials should be avoided. Whether it’s the natural look of Sikkens translucent Cetol Stains or the contemporary look of the Rubbol Solid Stain, Sikkens offers a wide range of colors and products that beautify your home as well as protect and perform like no other wood care products on the market. This will protect cut ends and help keep the wood from checking, cupping, and warping as the wood dries out.
The reason to leave antique paints and stains as they are, she says, is that collectors of antique furniture want their pieces to remain as close as possible to how they were originally, which often included a coat of paint. In difficult areas, such as some molding and trim, where applying a clear wood finish with a brush or sprayer is difficult, oil-based wipe-on or gel polyurethane may come in handy.