The first is: The thicker the finish film after all coats have dried, the better the protection for the wood against water penetration and moisture-vapor exchange. Minwax® preparation products are the first step to ensure your wood surfaces show their most beautiful colors and smoothest finishes. As you need the table to be well-sealed and washable, I would advise 1 or 2 thin coats of spray varnish (intended for furniture) first, then when that’s well dry, you should be safe to brush on a decent, thicker top coat of varnish with a soft brush, to seal the deal. Varnishing an acrylic piece before applying resin is not vital; it won’t hurt either and is easy enough to do using an acrylic spray varnish with UV protection and the best archival quality you can get.
The main ingredient, a very powerful alkaline chemical normally sodium or potassium hydroxide (as found in most oven cleaners) stains the wood by reacting with natural wood acids in the same way as fuming. Water-based finishes release fewer odors than oil-based varnish or lacquer, but still contain solvents. Due to its water-like consistency, thin-coat varnish is not so convenient to apply.
Where it works: These oils give a rich warmth to the wood surface, and linseed oil in particular tends to accelerate and exaggerate the natural patina of the wood. Another drawback to varnish is that each coat is distinct from the one below it. Each coat must be lightly sanded so that the next coat adheres properly. Be careful not to hold the blowtorch or heat gun in one position for too long because it will cause the wood to burn and, possibly, catch on fire.
I waited 1 week to make sure the layer was dry before I applied the Golden matte varnish mixed with the recommended ratio of water. Once you have removed all the paint you may want to give the stairs a light sand, but if the wood is in good condition just make sure it is clean and smooth and then you can apply your finishing coat. The painters explanation was that VOC rules in Arizona only allowed him to use crappy varnish. In this sense, gel varnish is similar to wiping varnish, but with the difference that gel varnish produces a satin sheen, while wiping varnish produces a gloss.
Extreme thinning at the beginning maximizes the penetration into the wood and obviously, encourages good adhesion.. We generally recommend thinning the first coat 50% (half & half), the second coat 25% and the third coat 15%. Miniwax polyshades is little more than tinted polyurethane, so your drying problem has to do with the varnish type finish not drying rather than the stain. The aggregate used in a filler stain can sometimes prevent the first coat of varnish from penetrating the wood surface. Alone, this is not a terrible thing; a good quality varnish or alkyd enamel finish will have the ability to take up that movement.